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Acne Or Pimples: An explanation

Acne or pimples, as they are commonly called,are group of boils that occur on the face. It is a
common skin condition, which is manifested in blackheads, whiteheads, red spots, and sometimes
deeper boil-like lesions called nodules or cysts. While it may affect a person at any age, it is usually considered
a cause of great distress during the teenage years.

What causes acne ?
Acne is said to occur due to changes in the hormonal levels, which increases the activity of the
oil glands in the skin. When hormone levels increase, the skin of the acne-prone person reacts by
producing excess sebum(oils). The bacteria on the skin alter these oils to produce substances that
cause acne. Unlike popular myth, consuming greasy food does not cause acne.

Eczema and Dermatitis
It is a type of allergic skin condition that causes dryness, scaling and redness, itching, sometimes
intense, is the hallmarks symptom. With time, the lesions tend to flake and if bacterial or viral
infection is introduced by scratching, the affected lesions begin to ooze.
Although eczema may look different from person to person, it is most often characterized by dry, red,
extremely itchy patches on the skin. Eczema is sometimes referred to as “the itch that rashes”, since
the itch, when scratched, results in the appearance of the rash.
Eczema can occur on any part of the body. However, in infants, eczema typically occurs on the forehead,
cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck. In children and adults, eczema typically occurs on the face, neck,
and the insides of the elbows, knees, and ankles. Chronic scratching causes the skin to take on a leathery
texture because the skin has thickened.

How is eczema caused ?
Eczema can be inherited with asthma or hay fever, or could be caused due to many underlying ailments.
Eczema occurs in both children and adults, but usually appears during infancy. Although there is no known cause
for the disease, it often affects people with a family history of allergies. Those who are genetically predisposed
and then exposed to environmental triggers may develop eczema.

How can eczema be prevented ?
Eczema outbreaks can usually be avoided with some simple precautions. The following suggestions may help to reduce
the severity and frequency of flare-ups :
– moisturize frequently.
– avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity.
– avoid sweating or overheating.
– reduce stress.
– avoid scratchy materials.
– avoid harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents.
– avoid environmental factors that trigger allergies.
– be aware of any foods that may cause an outbreak and avoid those food.

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