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Hives or Urticaria

Hives, also known as Urticaria or pitts, are sharply defined swellings of skin that are temporary in nature. They are an allergic response of the
body to certain substances.

What can cause Hives ?
There are several substances that we come in contact with in our daily lives that can cause an allergic response in some people. While the
allergen is different for each person, some of the substances known to cause allergic reactions like hives are foods like nuts and eggs, drugs
like aspirin. Even sunlight, cold and sweat can cause hives.

How are Hives treated ?
For treatment of hives contact your skin specialist. Sometimes, hives can be associated with breathing difficulties. If this happens, rush to your doctor
immediately. The best way to prevent hives is to identify and avoid the cause and any aggravating factors. Yet elimination diets are not helpful unless a particular
food is suspected.

Vitiligo or Leucoderma
Vitiligo, also known as leucoderma, is another common ailment of skin. It appears as white patches on the skin. This ailment is caused due to a loss
of the skin pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the normal color of skin. This loss of pigment occurs when pigment cells are destroyed and remaining cannot be
produced.

What causes Vitiligo ?
The cause of vitiligo remains unknown. It has been found that some of the people who have vitiligo
are also patients of diabetes or thyroid disorders. Vitiligo is not contagious.

Can Vitiligo be treated ?
Vitiligo is a treatable condition and various forms of treatment are available. However, the response to the treatment varies with each person
and the site affected. Some chemicals can destroy the skin pigment cells leading to vitiligo-like skin lesion. Avoiding
contact with such chemicals is important. Contact the dermatologist immediately if you notice white patches on your skin.

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