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What is Diabetic Neuropathy ?

High levels of glucose can attack any nerve in the body, impairing its function. Diabetic neuropathies are a family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. People with diabetes can, over time, develop nerve damage throughout the body. Some other possible causes of neuropathy, such as a B vitamin deficiency, injury, some drugs, and cancer. Nerve problems can occur in every organ system, including the digestive tract, heart, and sex organs. People with diabetes can develop nerve problems at any time, but risk rises with age and longer duration of diabetes. The highest rates of neuropathy are among people who have had diabetes for at least 25 years.

SYMPTOMS :
– Pain
– Tingling or numbness—loss of feeling—in the hands, arms, feet, and legs.
– Wasting of the muscles of the feet or .
– Indigestion, nausea, or vomiting.
– Diarrhea or constipation.
– Dizziness or faintness due to a drop in blood pressure after standing or sitting up.
– Problems with urination.
– Erectile dysfunction in men or vaginal dryness in women.
– Weakness.

CAUSES:
Nerve damage is likely due to a combination of factors:
– Metabolic factors, such as high blood glucose, long duration of diabetes, abnormal blood fat levels, and possibly low levels of insulin.
– Neurovascular factors, leading to damage to the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to nerves.
– Autoimmune factors that cause inflammation in nerves.
– Mechanical injury to nerves, such as carpal tunnel syndrome.
– Inherited traits that increase susceptibility to nerve disease.
– Lifestyle factors, such as smoking or alcohol use.

TYPES OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHY :
– Peripheral Neuropathy
– Autonomic Neuropathy
– Proximal Neuropathy
– Focal Neuropathy

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