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Bone Cancer and its causes and symptoms

Our body has 206 bones. Bones are used for :
– Bones provide structure to your body and help provide its shape.
– Muscles attach to the bones and allow you to move.
– Without bones, your body would be like a pile of tissues without structure.
– The bones help to protect the more fragile organs of the body.
– The bones contain bone marrow, which makes and stores new blood cells.
– The bones help control your body’s collection of various proteins and nutrients.

A bone tumor refers to a neoplastic growth of tissue in bone. It can be used for both benign and malignant abnormal growths found in bone. Bone tumors occur most commonly in children and adolescents and are less common in older adults. Cancer that begins in the bone is called primary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer is relatively uncommon in comparison with secondary or metastatic cancer (cancer that occurs initially in another organ and then spreads to bone tissue).

Bone cancers form in the cells that make hard bone tissue. Cancers that arise in the cells produced in the bone marrow, such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma, are not considered bone cancers, although they do affect the bone and may require orthopedic management.

Causes of Bone Cancer

No one knows the exact causes of bone cancer, and doctors can seldom explain why one person will get bone cancer and another person will not. Specific risk factors for bone cancer include:
– Being a child or young adult.
– Previous radiation or chemotherapy.
– History of Paget’s disease.
– Family history of bone cancer.
– People with hereditary retinoblastoma.

Symptoms of Bone Cancer

– Pain in the affected bones.
– Bone cancer most often occurs in the long bones of the body (arms and legs), so these are the most common sites for pain.
– Sometimes a lump or mass may occur either in the tissues that surround the bone or on the bone itself.
– Joint tenderness or inflammation.
– Fractures due to bone weakness.
– Loss of range of motion that does not return.
– Common bone cancer symptoms arise in the dissemination process, and expressed in terms of weight loss and increased fatigue.

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