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What is a prostate and prostate cancer?

The prostate is gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is shaped like a walnut and is about 1.2 inches across. The urethra has two jobs: to carry urine from the bladder when you urinate and to carry semen during a sexual climax, or ejaculation. Semen is a combination of sperm plus fluid that the prostate adds. It is located in the pelvis, under the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate contains many small glands which make about twenty percent of the fluid constituting semen.
Prostate cancer is the third most common cause of death from cancer in men of all ages. It is rare in men younger than 40.

What is prostate enlargement, or BPH?

Prostate cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells that results in the formation of a tumor in the prostate gland. Prostate cancer is found mainly in older men. As men age, the prostate may get bigger and block the urethra or bladder. This may cause difficulty in urination or can interfere with sexual function. The condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and although it is not cancer, surgery may be needed to correct it. Prostate cancer begins most often in the outer part of the prostate.
– A frequent and urgent need to urinate.
– Trouble starting a urine stream.
– A weak stream of urine.
– A small amount of urine each time you go.
– The feeling that you still have to go, even when you have just finished urinating.
– Leaking or dribbling urine
– Small amounts of blood in your urine
It’s true that some men with prostate cancer also have BPH, but that doesn’t mean that the two conditions are always linked. Most men with BPH don’t develop prostate cancer.

What is prostatitis?

Prostatitis means the prostate might be inflamed or irritated. If you have prostatitis, you may have a burning feeling when you urinate, or you may have to urinate more often. Or you may have a fever or just feel tired.

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