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What are different methods to treat leukemia ?

Leukemia is not a single disease. Instead, the term leukemia refers to a number of related cancers that start in the blood-forming cells of the bone marrow. There are both acute and chronic forms of leukemia, each with many subtypes that vary in their response to treatment. Leukemia treatment plans often are personalized and geared toward each individual patient.
In general, there are five major approaches to the treatment of leukemia :

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs that either kill cancer cells or preventing the cells from dividing. Chemotherapy can be given in a variety of ways, with IV infusion and pill being more common. The type of chemotherapy given depends on the stage and type of lung cancer.
Interferon therapy to slow the reproduction of leukemia cells and promote the immune system’s anti-leukemia activity. – Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells by exposure to high-energy radiation. It is the use of certain types of energy, radiation is used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. This energy can be waves or particles like protons, electrons, x-rays and gamma rays.
Stem cell transplantation (SCT) to enable treatment with high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Surgery to remove an enlarged spleen or to install a venous access device (large plastic tube) to give medications and withdraw blood samples. The spleen collects leukemia cells and they accumulate, allowing the spleen to enlarge. An enlarged spleen can cause many complications.

Oncologists administer these treatments in a variety of combinations. Each method has its advantages and drawbacks. The treatment of leukemia depends on a number of factors. The most important of these are the histopathologic (diseased tissue) type of leukemia, its stage, and certain prognostic features, such as the patient’s age and overall health.

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