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Types of Thyroid cancer and its symptoms

Thyroid cancer is a cancerous growth of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck. It produces hormones that regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight. There are several types of thyroid cancer :

Papillary thyroid cancer : The papillary type of thyroid cancer is the most common, making up about 80 percent of all thyroid cancer diagnoses. Papillary thyroid cancer can occur at any age, but is most commonly diagnosed in people ages 30 to 50.
Follicular thyroid cancer : Follicular thyroid cancer also includes Hurthle cell cancer. Follicular thyroid cancer typically occurs in people older than 50. (An estimated 11% of all thyroid cancer cases).
Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for 5 to 10 percent of thyroid cancer cases. It arises in C cells, not follicular cells. Medullary thyroid cancer is easier to control if it is found and treated before it spreads to other parts of the body.
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the least common type of thyroid cancer (only 1 to 2 percent of cases). It arises in the follicular cells. The cancer cells are highly abnormal and difficult to recognize. This type of cancer is usually very hard to control because the cancer cells tend to grow and spread very quickly.
Thyroid lymphoma : Thyroid lymphoma begins in the immune system cells in the thyroid. Thyroid lymphoma is very rare. It occurs most often in adults age 70 or older.

These rarer types of thyroid cancer are usually more aggressive, with a higher chance of spreading to another part of the body (metastasis).

Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

– Cough
– Difficulty swallowing
– Enlargement of the thyroid gland
– Hoarseness or changing voice
– Neck swelling
– Thyroid lump (nodule)

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