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Fibroids – Benign tumors in women, types and its symptoms.

Fibroids are benign tumours, which grow on the outside, inside or within the smooth muscle in the wall of the uterus. They are not cancers. In very rare cases, a rapidly growing fibroid may become cancerous. This happens to one in a thousand pre-menopausal women, although the risk rises to one in a hundred for women diagnosed with rapidly growing fibroids after menopause. Fibroids are very common and can affect 20 percent of women over the age of 30.

Fibroids often occur in women with elevated levels of estrogen. These elevated levels are usually due to the fact that the liver has been unable to process the food properly to get rid of the excessive estrogen. A diet which puts stress on the liver is one which is rich in saturated fats, with dairy products and red meat forming a large part of it; along with sugar based foods like chocolates.

Some fibroids can be as small as a pea, but others can be as large as a seven- or eight-month-old foetus.
Fibroids are given different names depending on where and how they grow:
– Submucosal fibroids grow on the inside of the womb and extend into the uterine cavity.
– Intramural fibroids grow within the uterine wall (the wall of the womb).
– Subserol fibroids grow on the outside of the womb, on the lining between the uterus and the pelvic cavity.
– Penduculated fibroids can be attached either to the inside or outside wall of the womb, and they are characterised by a stalk

Symptoms of Fibroids

The two most common symptoms of fibroids are:
– Heavy menstrual bleeding : Women with fibroids often have longer periods, which may last seven or more days. These periods may be unusually heavy, sometimes requiring a woman to change her pad or tampon hourly.
– A feeling of pressure in the pelvis : When a fibroid grows large, it can cause a feeling of pressure in the pelvis. Pressure can cause frequent urination, pain during intercourse, constipation, abdominal bloating, abdominal pain and/or back ache.

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