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Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Essential Fatty acids, benefits, uses.

Omega 3 is the name given to a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids or essential fatty acids. Omega 3 or the essential fatty acids are vital for the healthy functioning of all organs but they cannot be synthesized by the body.
The main components of Omega-3 fatty acids are alpha-linolenic acid ALA, eicosapentaenoic acid EPA and docosahexaenoic acid DHA.

Dietary sources include :
– Fortified eggs and oils derived from microalgae.
– Dark green, leafy vegetables such as broccoli and spinach, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, flaxseed oil and Soya.
– Cold-water fatty fish such as salmon, halibut, sardines, mackerel, herring, anchovies and tuna and fish oils are the best overall source of Omega-3 fatty acids.
– Flaxseeds actually contain higher concentrations.
– Fruit juices and bread or other fortified foods (Kiwifruit, strawberries and Black Raspberry are very good sources in fruits).

Omega 3 fatty acids are the building blocks of our cell membranes and neurological system. They play a crucial role in many functions of the body.

Health Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

– A brain booster : The majority of the brain is made up of “good” fats knows as fatty acids, and the majority of this “good” fat is Omega-3. It actually increases learning ability, problem-solving skills, focus, memory, and communication between cells.
– Helps to maintain a healthy mental ability.
– It lowers the arthritis symptoms.
– Helps to loose weight.
– Regular consumption of fish oils may help diabetics by lowering their triglycerides and diabetes markers called apoproteins.
– Lubrication of skin arteries and digestive tract.
– Promote an increase in the levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol while also decreasing triglycerides or fatty material.
– Increases Immune System.
– Reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke.
– Reduces skin ailments.
– Supplements rich in omega-3 fatty acids lower blood pressure significantly in individuals with hypertension.
– Essential fatty acids have been used to reduce inflammation and promote wound healing in burn victims.
– Reduces colon, prostate, breast cancer risk.
– EPA plus DHA can produce a 45% reduction in serum triglyceride level.

Negative effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

– It could cause more bleeding if somebody is already bruised.
– Gas, bloating and loose bowels may be experienced.
– People allergic to sea food should not take fish supplements.
– Pregnant and nursing women shouldn’t eat more than a single serving of oily fish per week.

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