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Effects of low blood pressure on the body

Blood pressure is one of the vital signs of life just like the heart beat, pulse rate or breathing. It is defined as the pressure exerted on the walls of the blood vessels as it is circulated in the body. An individuals blood pressure is measured as the systolic or diastolic measure. For example if your blood pressure is 120/80, the first number is the systolic pressure and the lower number is the diastolic pressure. When the heart squeezes to release the blood on the arteries, that pressure is the systolic blood pressure and is l aways a higher number. When the heart releases the blood, pressure on the walls of the arteries reduces and is recorded as the diastolic number.
The normal blood pressure for a healthy adult is 120/80 and anything higher than 130/80 is considered as high blood pressure. But the systolic blood pressure can range between 90 to 120 as it varies with the body metabolism, exercise and activity ranges. A number as low as 90/50 can be considered as low blood pressure or hypotension.
Low blood pressure can be due to malnutrition to internal body failure. In some countries low blood pressure is considered healthy if the patient does not have any organ damage or symptoms like dizziness or pain. Many athletes do have a low blood pressure like 90/60 which is fine because the heart pumps large quantities and blood flows uninhibited in their arteries. But if you have any symptoms check with the registered medical practitioner and follow his advice. Otherwise the body cannot survive such extreme conditions and may result in:
• Heart attacks: Low blood pressure causes heart fatigue and a tired heart may give out resulting in oxygen depletion for many organs. Multiple organ failure may result in a coma or death.
• Dizziness or continued fainting spells can cause severe accidents or brain damage. Brain damage may be irreversible leading to paralysis or mental problems.
• Low blood pressure can lead to a stroke which may cause brain damage and nerve damage.
• Hypotension leads to failure in expulsion of toxins from the body. The accumulation of waste toxins may lead to kidney damage.
• Lack of blood depletes the body of essential nutrients and the body might go in to shock causing multiple organ failure.
• Low blood pressure during pregnancy is very dangerous. It is mainly the cause of dehydration and can cause fainting spells. The lack of blood flow may impede the growth of the baby as the nutrients may not reach the fetus.
• Drowsiness and blurring of vision is a common symptoms of Hypotension. This may lead to dryness of the eyes and severe accidents if not checked properly.
• Low blood pressure may be due to depression and other underlying factors like stress and fatigue. This need to be understood and proper diet and counseling can be taken to avoid hypotension.
• Severe infection or septicemia can cause low blood pressure and such bacterial infection causes lung or upper respiratory problems. This leads to immune disorders.
The cause of low blood pressure may need continuous monitoring and one has to follow the advice of the doctor carefully. Self medication or ignorance can be extremely dangerous.

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