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Dengue Fever – Types, Diagnosis, Prevention and Cure or treatment.

Depending on the symptoms, there are different severities of dengue fever:

– Mild Dengue Fever : The symptoms of this fever will last upto seven days after the mosquito bites. Symptoms include joint pain, rash, high fever, headache, pain in eyes, vomiting and nausea.
– Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) : The symptoms of this fever during onset may be mild but gradually worsen after a number of days. The result could be death if not treated on time.
Symptoms include joint pain, rash, high fever, headache, pain in eyes, vomiting and nausea, bleeding from mouth/gums, nosebleeds, sensitive stomach, lower number of platelets in blood, internal bleeding, damaged lymph nodes and weak pulse.
– Dengue shock syndrome (DSS) : This is the worst form of dengue that may result in death. Mild dengue fever symptoms are also present in addition to intense stomach pain, disorientation, fast drop in blood pressure, heavy bleeding, regular vomiting blood vessels leaking fluid and death.

Diagnosis of Dengue

A doctor can diagnose dengue fever by performing a blood test. The test will show whether
the blood sample contains dengue virus or antibodies to the virus.

Precautions

– Wear long-sleeved clothing.
– Use insect repellent faithfully.
– Employ mosquito netting around sleep and lounging areas.
– Avoid going out at night and just before dawn.
– Coolers, flower pots, cans, ets should be emptied and cleaned on regular baisis.

Treatment for Dengue fever

There is no specific treatment option available for dengue.
– Persons with dengue fever should rest and drink plenty of fluids.
– Keep up oral intake, especially of oral fluids and/or, oral rehydration salts to prevent dehydration.
– Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. ibuprofen, diclofenac) and corticosteroids should be avoided.
– In cases where patients are unable to take fluids, Intravenous fluid supplementation (IV drip) is given.
– A blood transfusion may be recommended for patients with severe dehydration.
– It is important that you be treated by medical professionals, this way you can be properly monitored incase the symptoms worsen.

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