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About Dyslexia…definition and symptoms of dyslexia.

Dyslexia is not a disorder that is related to intelligence. Often, children suffering from dyslexia have higher IQ. The dyslexic child often suffers from having a specific learning disability as well as being exposed to ineffective instruction. Dyslexia is a developmental learning disorder that usually happens during the early years of a school-going child. It indicates an inability to read letters, to mix their sequence and to have difficulty with numbers. This disability creates a significant gap between the true potential and the day-to-day performance of a child in school. No two dyslexic children are exactly alike.

Dyslexia can be caused by ineffective reading instruction, auditory perception difficulties, visual perception difficulties, language processing difficulties.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

– A child who appears to be bright when you are talking to them but is struggling when you ask them to read, write or cope with maths is the strongest indicator of dyslexia.
– A dyslexic child faces maximum problem when it comes to spelling. Examples of words which cause particular difficulty are: any, many, island, said, they, because, enough, and friend.
– Jumbled spellings cause problems for a dyslexic child. Example of such words are dose/does, freind/friend, siad/said, bule/blue, becuase/because, and wores/worse.
– Poor handwriting or printing ability.
– Poor drawing ability.
– A dyslexic person can face difficulties in recognizing left or right.
– It is hard for a dyslexic to remember, understand or repeat something.
– Some children mix up ‘b’ and ‘d’, or even ‘p’ and the number 9. These letters are the same in their mirror image, and cause regular confusion for a dyslexic person.
– A dyslexic person faces problem in getting things in the right order.
– A dyslexic child faces problems in organizing themselves.
– A dyslexic child faces problem in following 2 or 3 step instruction.
– He may invert letters, reading or writing n as u, m as w, d as q, p as b, f as t.
– He may read or write words like no for on, rat for tar, won for now, saw for was.
– Dyslexic may put letters in the wrong order, reading felt as left, act as cat, reserve as reverse, expect as except.
– The dyslexic faces problems in with numbers and calculations, read or write 17 for 71, problems with mental arithmetic.
– A dyslexic may ignore punctuations, omits prefixes and suffixes or adds suffixes, reads only in present tense.

Dyslexic people are visual, multidimensional thinkers. They are intuitive and highly creative, and excel at hands-on learning. Because they think in pictures, it is sometimes hard for them to understand letters, numbers, symbols and written words.

The emotional turmoil these children undergo manifest in the following ways like anger, anxiety, self image, depression, sibling rivalry. He may face physically and socially immature in comparison to their peers. Because of sequencing and memory problems, the dyslexic may relate a different sequence of events each time he shares something. Teachers, parents, and psychologists may conclude that he is either psychotic or a pathological liar.

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