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Speech Disorders in Children – causes and symptoms

Speech disorder is a condition that interferes with a person’s ability to speak clearly and understandably.
– They are characterized by a difficulty in producing normal speech patterns.
– It is an effective way to monitor normal growth and development.
– Speech generally develops in first three years of life.
– Speech disorders include abnormalities in pitch, volume, vocal quality, resonance, or duration of sounds, problems producing speech sounds, and impairment in the normal rate or rhythm of speech.
– A language disorder is an impairment in the ability to understand and/or use words in context, both verbally and nonverbally.

Causes of Speech Disorders

– Full or partial hearing impairment may cause difficulty in speech and language development.
– Physical disability may cause difficulty in speech and language development.
– Developmental disability may cause difficulty in speech and language development.
– Children with learning disabilities may have communication disorders.
– Children with Pervasive Development Disorders (P.D.D.), or Autism spectrum disorders will also have communication disorders.
– Children with significant behaviour or emotional problems may also have a communication disorder.
– Cerebral palsy and disorders of the palate may also cause communication disorder.
– Hearing impairment may also cause communication disorder.
– Neurological disorders, including stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and ALS may also cause communication disorder.
– Breathing problems.
– Nodules or lumps on the vocal chords.
– Weak muscles around the mouth.

Symptoms of Speech Disorders

– Repetition of sounds, words, or phrases after age 4.
– Frustration with attempts to communicate.
– Head jerking while talking.
– Eye blinking while talking.
– Embarrassment with speech.
– Pitch deviations.
– Deviations in the loudness and quality of the voice.
– Limited speech
– Nasal speech
– Rapid speech
– Slurred speech
– Speaking with a lisp

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