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Types of Speech Disorders in children and treatment for speech disorder

Speech disorders refer to several conditions in which a person has difficulty communicating by mouth. There are different types of speech disorders :
Childhood Apraxia Of Speech (CAS) : It is a motor speech disorder in which children have problem in saying sounds, words and syllables. In this situation, the brain has problems moving with tongue, lips and jaw.
Articulation Disorders : These disorders interfere with the process whereby the muscles of the mouth, tongue, jaw, throat, and diaphragm work together to produce clear, understandable sounds.
Stuttering : It is a speech disorder in which the normal flow of speech is disrupted by frequent repetitions or prolongations of speech sounds, syllables or words or by an individual’s inability to start a word. Rapid eye blinks, tremors of the lips and/or jaw or other struggle behaviors of the face or upper body that a person who stutters may use in an attempt to speak are observed.
Lisp : Lisping is a speech disorder characterized by the inability to correctly pronounce the sounds of s or z , known as the sibilant consonants.
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMD) : In this speech disorder, tongue is moved in forward exaggerated motion while talking or swallowing. This condition usually disappears as the child grows.
Speech Sound Disorders : It occurs due to any developmental disorder like autism or Down syndrome and also due to physiological or neurological problems. It’s types include omissions, additions, distortions and substitution.
Dysarthria : In this disorder, the speech is slow or inaccurate. It is generally caused by stroke, multiple sclerosis or brain tumor.
Expressive Language Disorder : It is a language or communication speech disorder where the individual has difficulty in verbally expressing himself.

Treatment for Speech disorders

Speech therapy is the most common method available for the treatment of speech disorder. It focuses on helping people make the most of their remaining abilities and learning other methods of communicating. Hearing and speech disorders are closely related. Unless an individual hears correctly, he can’t produce sounds.

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