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What are Mumps? What are its causes and symptoms? How can mumps be prevented and treated?

Mumps is a viral infection that is caused by the virus named Paramyxovirus. Mumps is a very contagious viral disease. it occurs usually in children. When mumps occur, the saliva gland swells up which causes swelling around cheeks and neck. It is transmitted mainly by infected saliva. Mumps is spread by direct contact with saliva and discharges from the nose and throat of infected persons. Symptoms usually start 18 days after infection with the virus, but the time can range from 12 to 25 days.
Orchitis is a common complication with mumps after puberty, but sterility is rare.

Symptoms of Mumps

– Face pain
– Swelling under and in front of the ear usually starts on one side and then progresses to the other side rapidly.
– Fever
– Loss of appetite
– Headache
– Testicular pain (in males)
– Abdominal pain
– Seizures
– Stiff neck
– Difficulty swallowing
– Dry mouth
– Earache

Prevention of Mumps

– Get vaccinated against it.
– Get immunization against mumps.
– The vaccine is given to toddlers at 12 to 15 months of age.
– The vaccine is given as part of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunization.

Diagnosis of Mumps

Call doctor if :
– dehydration is felt.
– vomiting.
– lethargic.
– pain in neck.
– swelling.
The diagnosis of mumps should be considered when the child has parotid swelling on one or both sides. The child may have a fever and tenderness in these glands just under and in front of the ears.

Treatment for Mumps

– Mumps is treated with bed rest and care at home.
– Drink plenty of fluids and eat properly.
– The diet should be light.
– Mouth should be cleared with an antiseptic wash.
– Any child with mumps should not return to school or day care for 9 days after the start of parotid swelling.
– There is no particular treatment available for mumps but it requires over-the-counter pain relievers for swelling and fever.
– Paste made from margosa leaves and turmeric should be applied externally to affected parts.
– Paste made by grinding asparagus seeds with Fenugreek seeds should be applied over the swelling.
– Dry ginger paste can be applied to the swollen parts to reduce swelling and subside pain.
– A piece of a leaf of aloe herb should be peeled on one side, warmed and then sprinkled with a little turmeric (turmeric) and the extract of Indian barbery (rasaut), and then bandaged over the swelling.

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