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Peptic Ulcer – Diagnosis, Treatment and Home Remedies and Complications

Diagnosis of Peptic Ulcer

After studying the signs and symptoms and risk factors, including how long you have experienced indigestion and pain, your doctor will do a thorough check of your abdomen and chest as well as a rectal exam to look for any sign of bleeding.
– Blood test for the presence of antibodies to H. pylori.
– Stool sample may be collected to look for the H. pylori antigen.
– Breath test is also available that detects the enzyme activity of H. pylori.
– An upper gastrointestinal (GI) series to get a close look at your gastrointestinal tract. An upper GI series is a set of X-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.
– In endoscopy, a long-narrow tube with a camera attached to the end is threaded down the patient’s throat and esophagus into the stomach and duodenum. The doctor can see the upper digestive tract on a monitor and identify an ulcer if one is present.

Treatment for Peptic Ulcer

Treatment will focus on either lowering stomach acid levels so that the ulcer can heal, or eradicating the H pylori infection.
– A proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or histamine receptor blocker (H2 blocker) to reduce stomach acid and protect the lining of your stomach and duodenum.
– Antibiotics
– People whose peptic ulcer was caused by taking NSAIDs will have to stop taking them, if possible.
– Alginates help relieve indigestion caused by acid reflux and is often found in antacids.
– H2-receptor antagonists medications reduce the amount of acid in the stomach. They are swallowed as tablets.

Home Remedies of Peptic Ulcer

– Banana is a natural coolant. It reduces acids and gas in the body. It coats the soared lining of the stomach.
– Take curd with a little salt and cumin seed powder relieves peptic ulcer.
– A person should drink 8-10 glasses of water daily.
– Cabbage is boiled in water and this water is taken twice in a day.
– Buttermilk taken with cumin seed powder and a little salt helps in washing away the acids of the body.
– Gourd juice if taken daily provides excellent remedy for ulcers. It is a natural coolant.
– Limejuice when mixed in water helps reducing acids in the body.
– Exercise regularly.
– Remain happy.

Complications of Peptic Ulcer

– Internal bleeding.
– Scar tissue.
– Infection.
– Pyloric stenosis is a chronic inflammation in the lining of the stomach or duodenum caused by a peptic ulcer can result in a narrowing of the pylorus.

Surgery is needed to help ulcers heal. You may need surgery if your ulcers don’t heal, keep coming back, bleed, perforate the stomach or duodenal wall, block food from moving out of the stomach.

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