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Types of Physiotherapy – Contrast Bath, Hot Packs, Short wave diathermy, Infrared rays, UV Rays, Therapeutic Massage

helps in restoring normal body function and preventing disability arising from disease, trauma or injury. Physiotherapy is based on a detailed understanding of how the body works—posture, balance and movement, knowledge of diseases, injury and the healing process.
There are different types of physiotherapy:

Contrast Baths

A contrast bath, also called hot/cold immersion therapy, is a method of treating soreness, swelling, and inflammation in a person’s joints or muscles. It increases muscle blood flow without expending energy in order to facilitate the flushing of metabolic waste.
Temperature of Hot water is between 40° – 45°C.
Temperature of cold water is 15° – 20°C.

Hot Packs

It consists of a silicate gel called bentonite. The temperature where the hot pack is immersed is between 75° to 80°C. Heat energy is used to relieve pain and induce relaxation. It should not be used if a person has lack of heat sensation, local open wounds, burns and unhealed scars.

Short Wave Diathermy

It is a high frequency alternating current. The heat energy obtained is used for treating inflammation of shoulder joint, inflammation of elbow joint, degeneration of joints of neck, degeneration of joints like knee and hip, ligament sprains in knee joint, low backache, heel pain, sinusitis.
It should not be used if the person is having fever, fluctuating blood pressure, sensitive skin, pregnant women, cardiac problem, bone TB, Cancer.

Infrared Rays

These are electromagnetic waves. Infrared heat is not ultraviolet radiation. Infrared energy travels 2-3″ deep into the body and increases blood circulation and nourishes damaged tissue. They are used to relieve pain and muscle strain. It should not be used if a person is having defective blood supply to the area, blood loss or nerve damage.

Ultra Violet Rays

These are electromagnetic waves with wavelength ranging between 3,900 and 1,849 A°. It is useful for treating general weakness, deficiency in vitamin-D, weight loss, skin disease and hair fall. It should not be used if person is suffering from cancer, high fever, sensitive skin and TB of lungs.
Side effects of light therapy for sleep phase disorders include jumpiness or jitteriness, headache, and nausea.

Therapeutic Massage

Massage treatment uses “TOUCH” to apply pressure to the body’s skin, muscles, tendons, ligaments. It helps in relieving tension, promoting blood flow, calming nerves, loosening muscle. Different modes of therapeutic massage are stroking, clapping, kneading, friction, wringing, picking up, hacking, shaking, vibration.
It is helpful in relief from pain, muscle tightness, induce sleep in insomnia, relieves tension, skin is toned, drainage of oedema or swelling, loosens secretion in the lungs.

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