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What Are the Different Types of Respiratory Disorders?

The respiratory system plays a vital role in delivering oxygen to the body, fuel for all the body’s
functions. It also removes carbon dioxide waste, eliminates toxic waste, regulates temperature, and stabilizes blood acid-alkaline balance (pH).
Respiration is the set of events that results in the exchange of oxygen from the environment and carbon dioxide from the body’s cells. Respiratory system includes nose, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs.
There are many types of respiratory disease. They are often classified as obstructive or restrictive lung diseases and respiratory tract infections.

Asthma: A condition in which the airways of the lungs become either narrowed or completely blocked, obstructing normal breathing. It may improve or worsen with age.
Symptoms : Sudden shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing.
Causes : Inflammation of the lungs due to allergens, extreme climates, physical activity, stress, and many other factors.

Bronchiolitis : It is an inflammation of the bronchi, the large airways inside the lungs. The inflammation causes these passages to increase their production of mucus that is thick and yellow or grey in color, which is then coughed up.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) : This is a chronic bronchitis/emphysema type disease. It is characterized by permanent, reduced lung capacity.
Long-term smoking often causes emphysema. It becomes difficult to breathe and get enough oxygen into the blood. In bronchitis, the membranes lining the larger bronchial tubes become inflamed and an excessive amount of mucus is produced.
Symptoms : Shape of the chest changes, chronic cough, tightness in chest, lung infections.
Oxygen therapy is beneficial and will allow patients who are suffering from COPD to be more active.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) : It is the most common inherited disease affecting the lungs. It causes the body to produce a thick, sticky mucus that clogs the lungs, leading to infection, and blocks the pancreas, stopping digestive enzymes from reaching the intestines where they are required to digest food.

Influenza : It is an acute, contagious, respiratory tract infection, which is caused by one of the influenza viruses.
Symptoms : fever, coughs and muscle aches, sore throat, runny nose, muscle and headaches, fatigue, cough, diarrhoea and dizziness.

Pneumonia : Pneumonia is an infection of the lung tissue. This inflammation of the lungs usually occurs because of bacterial or viral infection.
Symptoms : Intense, sometimes painful cough, chest pain, fever and, due to the nature of pneumonia’s involvement with the lungs, difficulty in breathing.

Common Cold : Inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, the common cold is the most common respiratory infection.

Lung Cancer : It is caused by an abnormal growth of cells in the lungs. It starts in the lining of the bronchi and takes a long time to develop.
Symptoms : Includes a persistent cough that may bring up blood, chest pain, hoarseness, and shortness of breath.

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