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Kyphosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for kyphosis

Kyphosis describes the exaggerated curve of the spine that results in a rounded or hunched back. It means rounding forward of shoulders and upper back. All people have some degree of kyphosis, a C curvature in the thoracic spine. It is a progressive spinal disorder. In some cases, though, this C curvature is exaggerated, causing problems in posture, affecting range of motion, and often causing pain. This condition is more common in boys than girls.
Our spinal cord is protected by means of small bones called vertebrae, which are stacked vertically, one upon another. A healthy spine has three natural and normal curves, which are, one inward curve at the neck, an outward curve in the middle of the back and a curve in the lower back.
When the curves are too far out from their position, the condition is called kyphosis.

– Patients with postural kyphosis can generally correct the kyphosis by making a conscious effort to do so.
– Patients with structural kyphosis when bends forward, the angular gibbus can be seen. The patient cannot consciously correct his posture.

What are different causes for Kyphosis ?

– Muscle imbalance in the upper back and neck.
– The muscles in the back of the neck are shortened and tight.
– The muscles at the back of the shoulders and upper back are weakened and stretched.
– poor development of spine.
– Injury.
– Poor posture.
– Infections.
– De-generative diseases of bones of the spine.

What are different symptoms of Kyphosis?

– Tiredness.
– Back Pain.
– Stiffness in back and neck.
– Hunch back.
– Difference in height.
– In severe cases, there is a difficulty in breathing.
– Tight back and thigh muscles.
– In case it has affected the spinal chord, there is numbness, tingling sensation, muscle weakness, chest pain, bladder and bowel disturbances.

What is the treatment for kyphosis?

Treatment will depend on the reason for the deformity.
– Massage to the upper back and neck can reduce the pain and tension.
– Massage and stretching techniques for the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the neck.
– Strengthening exercises.
– The patient typically wears the brace until skeletal maturity is reached.
– Surgical Treatment is done in cases of severe deformity, patient not responding to above treatment, spinal cord damage.

Two types of surgery are performed:
– Instrumentation is a kind of surgery, which uses screws and wires to hold the spine straight.
– Fusion is another kind of surgery done to join the bony segments of the spine.

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