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Positive and Negative Effects of Caffeine and what is Decaffeination?

Caffeine is an alkaloid. Caffeine is present in coffee, tea, maté, cola nuts, and guarana plants. Caffeine in moderation (1 to 2 cups of coffee a day) is generally harmless; a fatal adult dose of caffeine would require rapidly consuming the amount found in 80 to 100 cups of coffee.
– Some OTC pain relievers, medications for common cold, diet pills etc contain limited caffeine content.
– Aim for no more than 300 mg of caffeine per day.
– Pregnant women and women trying to get pregnant must remain below 150-200 milligrams daily.

Positive Effects of Caffeine

– Caffeine enhances mental alertness and concentration.
– Caffeine can help improve athletic performance by temporarily increasing muscle strength and endurance.
– Caffeine increases the flow of urine and the production of digestive acids.
– Caffeine relaxes smooth muscles.
– Caffeine improves the mood.
– Research tells that people who drink coffee or consume caffeine regularly have a lower risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.
– Moderate intake of caffeine lowers the risk of developing colon cancer, cirrhosis, gallstone formation, preventing cavities, preventing Cancers by destroying pre-cancerous cells, prevents headache, asthma and foul moods.

Negative Effects of Caffeine

– It can include indigestion, constipation, insomnia, temporary rapid heartbeat, or shaky hands.
– Too much caffeine include mood swings, trouble sleeping, raised blood pressure, digestion complications, central nervous system disorders.
– It affects the length and quality of an individual’s sleep patterns.
– It causes a jittery feeling with shaking hands and wobbliness in the legs while also heightening chances of palpitations.
– Abrupt withdrawal can cause headaches, drowsiness, irritability, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms.
– Serious effects include delirium and collapse, can usually be resolved with hospitalization.
– Caffeine when taken at night can cause insomnia.
– Caffeine is also a common culprit in many tinnitus sufferers.
– Caffeine may cause breast tenderness.

Decaffeinated coffee

Coffee naturally contains the active supplement caffeine. Some people that do not handle caffeine so well. This decaffeinated coffee lacks the stimulating power of caffeine. Decaffeinated coffee is not entirely caffeine-free.

Decaffeination process

The de-caffeination processes are performed on the green coffee beans when the coffee is being produced and treated in the industrial plants. Decaffeination is done in a controlled environment of temperature and pressure for a fixed time. The stages in caffeine extraction procedure involves swelling the green coffee beans with water or steam, extracting the caffeine from the beans, steam stripping to remove all solvent residues from the beans, drying the decaffeinated coffee beans back to their normal moisture content.

To make coffee caffeine free, methods used are:
– Water-carbon method : This process uses water (H2O) as a solvent.
– Dichloromethane process : This method employs dichloromethane (DCM) as a solvent and has been developed to suit the requirements of the out of home industry.

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