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Non-Essential Amino Acids – Ornithine, Proline, Taurine, Tyrosine

Ornithine is a non essential amino acid. It is an important constituent of the urea cycle. It is also the precursor of other amino acids such as citrulline, glutamic acid, and proline. It enhances the functioning of the liver and is used to treat hepatic coma. The immune system is simulated improving the immunity to bacteria, viruses, and tumors but still there is no proven ability.

Proline is a non essential amino acid is one of the main components of collagen, the cementing substance that binds and supports the cells. Its effectiveness is enhanced when combined with vitamin C.

Taurine is a non essential amino acid that is manufactured in the body and is present in animal protein. Its synthesis occurs in the human body with the help of amino acids methionine, cysteine, and vitamin B6. Women seem to require a higher dietary intake of taurine since the female hormone estradiol suppresses the formation of taurine in the liver. It plays a role as a neurotransmitter. It also maintains the correct composition of bile and the solubility of cholesterol. Taurine also protects the heart muscle when there is calcium and potassium loss from the body. Heart disorders, physical or emotional stress, metabolic disorders, high alcohol consumption and zinc deficiency are factors that result in high levels of taurine being excreted in the urine.

Tyrosine is a non essential amino acid and is popularly called the anti-stress amino acid. It is derived from phenylalanine, an essential amino acid. It is an essential component of the thyroid hormone. Tyrosine provides raw material from which the body makes the hormones thyroxine and adrenaline. The pigment of the skin and hair, melanin is also derived from tyrosine. Deficiency of tyrosine can lead to low body temperature, low blood pressure and a restless feeling in the legs. It is also beneficial in the treatment of depression. The main sources are rice, leafy vegetables, curd, cheese and milk.

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