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MAGNESIUM – Known as alcoholic’s balm – Keeps the nerves relaxed

Human tissues contain small quantities of magnesium. The adult body contains about 25 g of this mineral, the greater part of which is present in bones in combination with phosphate and carbonate. Bone ashes contain less than one percent magnesium. Magnesium is a major mineral important to plants and animals.
About one-fifth of the total magnesium in the body is present in the soft tissues inside the cells, where it is mainly bound to protein. The bones seem to provide a reserve supply of this mineral in case of shortage elsewhere in the body.
– Magnesium is a light, silver white, malleable, and ductile metallic element.
– Magnesium burns with a very hot, bright flame and is used to form light-weight alloys.
– Magnesium helps to keep one calm and cool during summer months.
– The absorption of magnesium occurs in small intestine.
– Magnesium may compete with and decrease calcium absorption from the intestine.
– Almost twice the amount of magnesium is stored in bones as compared with soft tissues.
– A greater part of magnesium in diet is not absorbed, it is excreted in urine.

FUNCTIONS OF MAGNESIUM IN HUMAN BODY

– Magnesium helps to keep nerves relaxed.
– Magnesium is necessary for all muscular activity.
– Magnesium is an activator of most of the enzyme systems involved in metabolism of carbohydrate, fat, and protein.
– Magnesium is necessary for activation of alkaline phosphates.
– Magnesium helps in the utilization of vitamin B and E.
– Magnesium maintains fluid and electrolyte balance.
– Magnesium is important for converting blood sugar into energy.
– Magnesium acts as an anti-stress mineral.
– Magnesium is useful in keeping healthier cardiovascular system.
– Magnesium prevents calcium deposits in kidneys and gallstones.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF MAGNESIUM IN HUMAN BODY

– Rapid heart rate.
– Chronic alcoholism.
– Hypertension.
– Depression.
– High blood pressure.
– Impaired protein metabolism.
– Premature wrinkles.
– Irritability.
– Kidney damage or kidney stones.
– Muscle cramps.
– Heart attack.
– Sensitivity to sound.

FOOD SOURCES RICH IN MAGNESIUM

– Green leafy vegetables.
– Nuts, soy beans, alfalfa, apples, figs, lemons, peaches, almonds.
– Whole grains, brown rice, sunflower seeds, and sesame seeds.
– Jowar, bajra, finger millet.
– Cereals and vegetables.

Chronic alcoholics show a low plasma magnesium concentration and a high urinary output. Hence, they require an extra magnesium intake.
Magnesium prevents recurrence of kidney stones by increasing the solubility of calcium in urine.

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