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Iron – Important Element that is necessary for purifying blood

Iron is a mineral found in every cell of the body. Iron is considered an essential mineral because it is needed to make part of blood cells. The hemoglobin content of red blood cells is made up of certain proteins and iron. The normal body of an adult contains about 4 to 5 g of iron.

Iron stores in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. Small amounts of iron are found in the muscles as myoglobin, as also in the blood serum and in every cell as a constituent of certain enzymes. the stores of iron as well as the iron released from the disintegration of red blood cells available to the body for the synthesis of hemoglobin.

The main sites of absorption are the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine. Absorption of iron is enhanced when there is deficiency of iron in the body or there is need for increased blood formation. Iron is excreted along with the bile, stools, scaling of the skin, and sweating. It is important to take an extra quantity of iron-rich foods during summer to compensate the iron loss.

Hemoglobin is composed of four iron-containing heme groups. The heme is responsible for the characteristic color and the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Myoglobin is an oxygen carrying protein containing iron in the muscle tissue is related to blood hemoglobin in both structure and function.

FUNCTION OF IRON IN HUMAN BODY

– Iron is necessary for production of hemoglobin.
– Iron is necessary for brain development and function.
– Iron enables the blood to carry oxygen throughout the body and helps in removing carbon dioxide from tissues.
– Iron increases resistance to stress and disease.
– Iron aids growth and prevents fatigue.
– Iron forms an important part of many proteins and enzymes that help the human body function efficiently.

CAUSES OF IRON DEFICIENCY IN HUMAN BODY

Iron deficiency is caused by:
– Severe blood loss.
– Malnutrition.
– Infections.
– Excessive use of drugs and chemicals.
Severe blood loss can occur due to:
– major injury to blood vessels.
– rupture of aneurysms.
– perforation of internal organs.
– incomplete abortion.
– severe menstrual bleeding.
– repeated pregnancies.
– prolonged breast feeding.
– excessive sweating also reduce the iron content .

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF IRON IN HUMAN BODY

– Nutritional anemia.
– Lower resistance to disease.
– General run down condition.
– Pale complexion.
– Shortness of breath.
– Loss of interest in sex.
– Mental depression and irritability.
– Mind becomes dull.

FOOD SOURCES RICH IN IRON

– Whole grain cereals.
– Pulses and legumes.
– Fish.
– Green leafy vegetables such as dry lotus stems, cauliflower greens, turnip greens.
– Fruits like black currants, water melons, raisins, and dried dates.
– Enzymes and hydrochloric acid in stomach are needed for proper assimilation of iron.
– Seeds like almonds and brazil nuts.

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