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How to stop a nose bleed?

A nasty drip that is the most common kind of nose bleed involves bleeding from the front of the nose only. These are called anterior nosebleeds. They originate from one of the tiny vessels that run through the front of the nose. Blood thinning medications can make you more susceptible to them. Some ways to stop them are:
– Stand or sit upright, lean forward, and pinch the front, soft part of your nose between your thumb and forefinger. After about 5 to 15 minutes, the bleeding should stop. If it does not stop after 20 to 30 minutes with continued pressure, emergency evaluation is usually necessary.
– Lubricate your nose: If you have recurrent anterior nosebleeds, try lubing your nose with a thin film of petroleum jelly.
– The blood vessel causing the nosebleed may need to be cauterized. This procedure creates a seal on the vessel by burning it with silver nitrate, electric current or a laser beam.

A less common type of nosebleed involves heavy bleeding that flows down the back of the throat and sometimes out of a nostril. These posterior nosebleeds are more likely to occur in older adults with conditions such as high blood pressure, which can damage blood vessels.
A posterior nosebleed requires a trip to the emergency department. Doctors may try to stop the bleeding by inserting packing material deep into the nostrils. If it does not work, surgery may be needed to tie off the bleeding vessel. Posterior and recurring anterior nosebleeds may require a follow-up exam to look for underlying problems such as uncontrolled high blood pressure, a bleeding disorder or a tumor.

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