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What are different teeth problems faced in children?

Cavities result from food debris piling up, attracting bacteria, which form a sticky film called plaque on the teeth and gums. Plaque is specially harmful when it is teamed with sugar or remains on the tooth for more than 24 hours. Lactic acid is produced which eats into the tooth’s top layer of enamel, strip it of calcium and starts the process of decay. Untreated cavities can progress to the pulp or the heart of the tooth after which the bacteria enter the blood stream and invade all the parts of the body. A tooth ache worsens with hot and cold foods and aggravated at night. Medicine in correct dose and applying an ice bag can help. See the doctor as soon as possible.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of gums. It happens when plaque is not removed every 24 hours so that it builds up in the places where the tooth meets the gums to form a hard surface called tartar which attracts more plaque. The gums become swollen, tender, spongy, bright pink and bleed on brushing. Go to the dentist who will remove plaque, insist on correct brushing, prescribe a diet that limits on sugary foods and is rich in vitamins.
Chipped teeth can be painless when only the outermost enamel is affected. Dentist will file the tooth or build it up with composite resins.
Fractured teeth cause the ending to become exposed and create an excruciates ache that stops the person from talking, eating, drinking. Dentist can extract the tooth, root canal treatment and capping can be done.
Knocked out teeth can be replaced but needs prompt action.
Gum cyst is a small pearly white swelling on baby’s gum. It is painless and disappears by itself.
Gum abscess is a collection of pus usually around the root of the tooth which almost always accompany tooth decay. Go to a dentist and drain out the pus and be treated.
Discoloration can be a line across the teeth, opaque patches or putty brown blotches are due to illness or poor nutrition. White patches, severe brown discoloration or mottles come from excess fluoridation. Brownish yellow stains and pitted enamel can follow tetracycline. Excessive iron leaves black specks. The dentist can clean superficial stains. Some may require bleaching and bonding.
Distorted teeth are twisted, crooked or out of place. ideally teeth should sit in a horseshoe arrangement.

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