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Brain Tumor – Diagnosis and Treatment of Brain Tumor

Diagnosis of brain tumors include physical examination, neurological examination, brain scan(s) and/or a biopsy. The doctor can also ask for other tests like :
– angiogram in which dye injected into the bloodstream flows into the blood vessels in the brain to make them show up on an x-ray.
– skull x-ray which would check deposits of calcium caused by some brain tumors.
– myelogram which is an x-ray of spine.
Surgeons can obtain tissue to look for tumor cells in three ways like needle biopsy, stereotactic biopsy and biopsy at the same time as treatment.

Treatment for brain tumor depends upon on the size and type of tumor and the general health of the patient. Specialists who treat brain tumors include neurosurgeons, neurooncologists, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists.
– Surgery
– Radiation therapy
– Chemotherapy along with radiation and surgery.
– Tumor size can be reduced by a process called debulking.

Recurrent tumors occur after they are removed and generally they occur at the same place but sometimes they can occur at some other place also. A brain tumor that has been treated with radiation or chemotherapy may disappear or remain in remission, a state in which the tumor cells stop multiplying.

Some side effects include:
– Nausea
– Hair fall
– Weakness and tiredness.
– Headache
– Swelling
– Infection
– Normal tissues can get damaged.
– Changes in personality.
– Speech disorders.
– Fever and chills.
– Fatigue
The goals of rehabilitation depend on the person’s needs and how the tumor has affected daily activities. It includes physical therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists. Regular follow up is very necessary after the treatment of brain tumor.

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