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Glandular Fever – Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Glandular fever is a viral infection and it is more common among people between age 10 to 25 years. This infection usually occurs at teenage age. Epstein-Barr named virus is responsible for glandular fever. It is mainly spread through saliva. It is also spread by airborne droplets. It is also called as “kissing disease”.
The virus multiplies in the cells at the back of the throat and spreads to the lymph glands, which produce white blood cells to fight infection. Glandular fever is a contagious disease.

CAUSES OF GLANDULAR FEVER
– Epstein-Barr VIRUS.
– Spread through saliva.
– Spread through kissing.
– Eating and drinking from the same utensils.

SYMPTOMS OF GLANDULAR FEVER
– Sore throat.
– Fever.
– Uneasiness and Tiredness.
– Pain in the muscles.
– Headache.
– Swelling in lymph nodes.
– This fever can finally lead to jaundice.
– Sometimes, red rashes occur.
– Fatigue.

WHAT ARE RISKS OF GLANDULAR FEVER?
Sometimes, glandular fever can become complicated. If not taken and considered seriously, it can lead to following diseases:
– Jaundice
– Hepatitis
– Anemia
– Pneumonia
– Inflammation of brain.
– Tender spleen.
– Inflammation of heart muscle.

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF GLANDULAR FEVER
Symptoms are checked and blood and throat tests are done. Glandular fever takes at least two to three weeks to go. There is no specific treatment for glandular fever. Since it is a viral infection, no specific medicines are prescribed. Doctors can give pain killers to relieve pain. One should do the following:
– Drink lot of fluids.
– Avoid alcohol.
– Take a lot of rest.
– Wait for at least 8 weeks before going for any physical activity.
– Maintain proper hygiene.
– Do not share same containers of drinks and food.
– Avoid fatty foods.
– Foods easy to digest should be taken.
– Foods rich in Vitamin C should be taken.

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