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What is Pancreatic Cancer (a gland present in the abdomen) ?

The Pancreas is a gland present in the abdomen between the spine and the stomach. The Pancreas is partially present behind the stomach and partially in the small intestines (the duodenum). The pancreas acts as an endocrine gland as well as an exocrine gland. As an endocrine gland the pancreas produces hormones like glucagon, insulin, and somatostatin whereas as an exocrine gland it secretes juices which are helpful in the digestion of food. This article will deal about pancreas cancer, its symptoms and the causes of the pancreatic cancer.
Cancer is basically the improper growth in the cell. Pancreas cancer is considered to be one of the most dangerous and serious cancers, where the pancreas tissues are layered by the cancerous cells which form lumps and this causes pancreatic cancer to occur. Pancreatic cancers are of two types. First one is the endocrine pancreatic cancer and the second one is the exocrine pancreatic cancer. The cancer which grows in the endocrine pancreas is called the pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma as well as islet cell tumor, whereas the exocrine pancreas can be affected with the adenocarcinoma cancer.
Pancreatic cancer does not show any symptoms in the initial stages and hence it is also called a “silent disease”. But at a later stage pancreas cancer may show some symptoms which one should not ignore. These symptoms may vary from person to person, depending upon the type of pancreas cancer that person is suffering from. The symptoms indicating a pancreatic cancer are as follows:
• The most common symptom indicating pancreas cancer is abdominal pain. You tend to feel this pain after about 2 to 3 hours of having food and may also increase while you are lying down. The pain mostly occurs in the upper abdomen and sometimes the back.
• The next symptom which persists is the swelling up of the abdomen or a person feeling full even with a little intake of meal.
• People suffering from jaundice, with or without the abdominal pain, is another symptom indicating the pancreatic cancer. Jaundice causes the skin to become yellow, eyes to become white, bowel motions, severe itching and darkened urine.
• A person losing weight at once may be suffering from pancreas cancer. As weight loss is one of the most common symptoms for almost all the cancers, therefore it is always preferred that a person losing weight without any work out should get a checkup done.
• Other symptoms showing existence of pancreas cancer are diabetes, vomiting/ nausea, diarrhea, fever and shivering.
The most common causes and risk factors which may increase the chances of the pancreas cancer in a person are the regular use of tobacco, increasing age, the race and also gender (more common in men) of the person, obesity, diabetic history, inflammation of the pancreas, a diet which is rich in harmful fats and many more.
If a person is a smoker then he can can decrease his chances of pancreas cancer by quitting smoking, people who are more into a fatty diet should control their diet and people who are obese must keep a check on their obesity in order to prevent the chances of pancreatic cancer.
Pancreas cancer is not a contagious disease i.e. it is not transferred from one person to another person by means of communication of physical contact. Pancreas cancer can be treated depending on its severity. It is best treated at its earlier stages but technologies now have changed and it is quite possible to treat pancreas cancer at a later stage also. Surgery may be performed in order to remove the tumor growing inside your pancreas.
Pancreas cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers and can cause a person to suffer seriously. Therefore, all the factors leading to it must be taken care of in order to reduce or totally eliminate the chances of pancreas cancer.

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