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Aftercare Treatment for patients / victims of Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreactectomy is the surgical removal of the pancreas. Pancreatectomy may be total, in which case the whole organ is removed, or partial, referring to the removal of part of the pancreas. A patient suffering from pancreatic cancer, if successfully treated, then this treatment is normally done by surgery only. Very few cases are there where medications can remove the cancer except when it’s treated in the very first stage. The aftercare treatment is as important as the surgery. If the aftercare precautions and treatment are not undertaken properly then there are fair chances that the cancer is going to be effective soon and the survival rate of the patient is decreased.
Pancreatectomy is major surgery. Therefore, extended hospitalization is usually required. Some studies report an average hospital stay of about two weeks. Some patients are also treated through radiation therapy or radiation therapy or a combination of both after surgery. Results have shown that this has definitely increased the survival of the patients of pancreatic cancer.
Removal of all or part of the pancreas can lead to a condition called pancreatic insufficiently, in which food cannot be normally processed by the body, and insulin secretion may be inadequate. These conditions can be treated with pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, to supply digestive enzymes, and insulin injections, to supply insulin.

Chemotherapy: A treatment of the cancer with synthetic drugs that destroy the tumor either by inhibiting the growth of the cancerous cells or by killing the cancer cells.

Radiation Therapy: A treatment using high energy radiation from x-ray machines, cobalt, radium, or other sources.

Early Post operative treatment: Hospital stays vary from 12 to 23 days, depending on the seriousness of the intervention. Following discharge from hospital, a number of concerns can arise. These concern both the asymptomatic patient, and the identification, differential diagnosis, and therapy of possible late complications.
Aftercare of asymptomatic patients: no aftercare is initiated for patients with any symptoms (patients who feel well, with no pain or weight loss).

Patients might suffer from the following problems post treatment such as:
Bile duct stenoses: Bile duct stenosis requiring treatment occurs in around 2 to 4 % patients. In this case either percutaneous transhepatic or other surgical revision must take place.
Pain: Around 80% of the people suffer through pain after treatment of pancreatic cancer or post surgery. In this case of persistent pain, it can be related to the progression of the disease or a result from complications and should be treated according to the WHO staging system.
Vitamin deficiency, Weight loss after pancreatic carcinoma resection, Exocrine insufficiency, Malnutrition and maldigestion are some other common problems that can arise post treatment and hence proper aftercare medications and procedures are necessary to be undertaken.

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