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Wild Raspberry – What are the characteristics and different Health Benefits?

Rubus rosifolius, also known as bush roseleaf, West Indian raspberry and ola’a Thimbleberry is a spiny shrub native to the sub forest and open forest high in the Himalayas, East Asia and Eastern Australia. It is also found in abundance in the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and south to the Rio Grande do Sul.
Rose Petal leaves are compound, brambles, margins dentate with glandular hairs on both sides of brochures. The flowers are white in panicles or solitary. Edible fruits are 2 cm long. Leaves stay green and fruits ripen in winter in Eastern Australia.
Wild Raspberry is a tall shrub or climber confusion. The stems are covered with short hairs rusty or white wool, and armed with numerous spines recurred. The alternate leaves are broadly ovate-heart shaped, usually 3 – or 5-lobed, 20.3 cm long, 2.5-18 cm wide. They are densely white or rusty hairy beneath. The flowers are white, in clusters in the axils of the leaves at the top. Sepals are large, velvety, and persist into fruition. The fruit is a red berry, about 1.2 cm in diameter.

There are two varieties of rosifolius that differ only in the number of petals Rubus rosifolius var. commersonii has 9-13 petals, while Rubus rosifolius var. rosifolius has five.

Habitat:-
The native habitat is rainforest, forest margins, clearings, gullies.

Reproduction of plant:-
Seed – requires stratification and is best sown in autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires stratification month at 3 degree C and is best sown as early as possible in the year. Plant out into their permanent jobs in the late spring the following year.

Benefits:-
– Wild Raspberries contain significant amount of polyphenol antioxidants such as anthocyanin pigments related to potential health protection against several human diseases.
– The aggregate fruit contributes to its nutritional value, as it increases the proportion of dietary fiber, placing it among plant foods with the highest fiber content of up to 20% fiber per total weight.
– They are a rich source of vitamin C, with 30 mg per serving of 1 cup (about 50% daily value), manganese (about 60% daily value) and dietary fiber (30% daily value). Contents of B vitamins 1-3, folic acid, magnesium, copper and iron.
– Rubus rosifolius has great antioxidant strength, particularly due to their dense contents of ellagic acid .Yellow raspberries and others with pale-colored fruits are lower in anthocyanin.
– Due to their rich contents of antioxidant vitamin C and the polyphenols, raspberries have an ORAC value of about 4900 per 100 grams. Although there are no clinical studies to date proving these effects in humans, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects against cancer have been linked to the amount of phenolics and flavonoids in various foods including raspberries.
– Raspberries are a low-glycemic index food.
– Fruit is edible and sweet-tasting. It can be made into jams, pies and preserves.
– Leaves can be made into tea which can be helpful during painful menstruation, childbirth, flu, and morning sickness.
– Aboriginal people in Australia used a decoction of the leaves as a traditional treatment for diarrhea.
– It is also used as an ornamental plant.

Precautions:-
It should not be used in case of pregnancy.

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