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Does Bladder Cancer affect men more than women ?

Before discussing anything further, we should know what exactly the bladder is. The Bladder is also called the urinary bladder and is an organ located in the pelvis. The bladder is an organ which is hollow, and is surrounded by walls which are quite flexible and muscular. The main function of the bladder is the storage of the urine before the body can pass it out.
Bladder cancer is one of the most dangerous cancers which affect the bladder; and it can be identified or diagnosed at an early stage also. It is one of the most common types of cancers, ranking fifth in the list of cancers in terms of number of people affected. It is dangerous, but can be treated in most of the cases. Bladder cancer has many types, which includes urothelial carcinoma (which is also called transitional cell carcinoma), small cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and adrenocarcinoma. Basically bladder cancer deals with the abnormal or improper growth of the cells present in the bladder. Bladder cancer is considered to be malignant in nature and hence it is capable of spreading to other parts of the body as well.
There are many symptoms with the help of which a person can guess the presence of bladder cancer. These symptoms may include the following:
• The most common symptom of the bladder cancer is blood coming along with the urine. This is also called hematuria.
• Frequent urination is another symptom indicating bladder cancer.
• A person unable to hold the urine for a long time may also suffer from bladder cancer
• While passing, urine if a person gets a burning sensation then also the person may suffer from bladder cancer.
Apart from the above mentioned symptoms there are many causes or risk factors which may lead to bladder cancer. These include higher risks to people who smoke, have a hereditary problem, or are elder in age. A bladder defect from childhood or birth may also be a risk factor leading to the bladder cancer in people. People suffering from a bladder inflammation for a long time may have greater chances of getting bladder cancer. The long term inflammation of the bladder is also called the chronic inflammation of bladder. People working in chemical factories or people who commonly expose their bodies to various chemicals like arsenic are more prone to bladder cancer as compared to others.
Another main risk factor of bladder cancer is the gender. Bladder cancer is more commonly found in males as compared to females. It is three times more found in men than in women. The main cause of this may be smoking. As compared to females there are more number of males, who commonly smoke and therefore increase their chances of suffering from bladder cancer or any other cancer in that case. Another reason for men being more prone to bladder cancer is the presence of the androgen receptor in men as compared to women. This receptor is said to work more actively in men than in women hence increasing the chances of the disease in men.
There have been tests done on animals to confirm the above stated reason. It was shown that the animal with the receptor was more prone to the disease than the animal which did not have. Studies have shown that one man from a total of 26 men will be suffering from bladder cancer and this ratio in women was found to be 1 in 86 women. A research done in the year 2007 in USA showed that the total number of men suffering from bladder cancer was around 50,000 in number whereas there were only 17,000 women suffering from the same cancer. This clearly shows that the risk of bladder cancer is three time greater in men than in women.

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