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Morning Sickness or Nausea – Causes and How to prevent it?

In the first half of pregnancy, feeling sick or nauseated is quite common in women. The degree of nausea and vomiting varies from woman to woman.You may just feel a little dizzy in the morning and throw up once, or may suffer from constant nausea and frequent vomiting all day. For most women, nausea stops after the first three months of pregnancy. For a few, however, remains a problem after four or five months.

Causes:
Nobody knows for sure what causes nausea during pregnancy, but is probably a combination of many physical changes in your body. Some possible causes include:

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG): This hormone increases rapidly during early pregnancy. Nobody knows how HCG contributes to nausea, but it is the prime suspect because the time is right: Nausea tends to peak at the same time when levels of HCG increases.
Estrogen: This hormone rises rapidly in early pregnancy and is one of the prime suspects.
– A greater sense of smell and sensitivity to odors. It is not uncommon for a pregnant woman to feel overwhelmed by the smell of a bologna sandwich from four cubicles away. Certain aromas instantly trigger the gag reflex. (Some researchers think this may be the result of higher levels of estrogen, but nobody knows for sure.)
– A delicate stomach can also be one of the reasons for this nausea feeling. Gastrointestinal tracts of some women are simply more sensitive to changes of early pregnancy. Moreover, some research suggests that women with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori in the stomach are more likely to have nausea or vomiting long lasting. Not all studies confirm this relationship, however.

Some researchers have suggested that some women are psychologically predisposed to have nausea and vomiting during pregnancy as an abnormal response to stress.

Treatment:
In the morning try do the following:
– Take time to get up in morning.
– If you tend to feel really sick in the morning, eat a little, as soon as you wake up and before getting out of bed.
– Ask your partner to carry food to you, or prepare a meal the night before and leave it beside your bed.

During the day try to do the following:
– Eating little and often, every two or three hours – even if you are not hungry.
– Drink plenty of fluids, preferably 10 to 12 glasses of water, fruit juice or herbal tea every day.
– Avoid foods that are high in fat or seasonings.
– Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
– Eat crackers, toast or crackers.
– Ginger tea or ginger tablets can help reduce nausea.
– Rest several times a day. Lie down with a pillow under your head and legs.
– Move slowly and avoid sudden movements.
– After eating, sit down so that gravity helps to keep food in your stomach.
– Avoid smells that make you feel sick or vomit.
– Do not brush your teeth immediately after eating because this can cause vomiting.
– Get some fresh air and exercise by going for a walk every day.
– Avoid smoking. It is not only is harmful to you and your child, it also decreases appetite.

At night try to do the following:
– Before bedtime, eat a snack such as yogurt, bread, milk, cereal or snack.
– If you wake during the night, eat a snack. It will help you to feel good in the morning.
– Sleeping with the windows open will help you to get some fresh air if possible.

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