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Heartburn and Indigestion during pregnancy – causes and treatment

Many women have heartburn for the first time during pregnancy, particularly during the second and third trimesters. This is usually not uncomfortable or painful. gastro esophageal reflux is often called “acid reflux” or “heartburn.” But this condition has nothing to do with the heart!

Indigestion is common during pregnancy and may occur with the heartburn. Also known as “dyspepsia,” indigestion is another name for an upset stomach. You know you have indigestion if you feel full, bloated or gassy.

Causes:
Heartburn occurs when food is digested in the stomach, which contains acid, is pushed into the esophagus (the tube between the mouth and stomach). This causes a burning sensation behind the breastbone or a burning sensation that starts in the stomach and seems to rise. You can also have a bitter taste in the mouth or a feeling that vomit is rising in the throat.
– Usually, the food moves through the esophagus between the mouth and stomach.
– When you are not eating, a circular valve around the lower esophagus closes the connection between the esophagus and stomach.
– This valve keeps stomach acid to rise.
– When you swallow, the valve relaxes to allow food and liquid to flow through.
– If the valve relaxes when not eating, stomach acids can flow back into the esophagus, causing irritation and burning sensation.

During pregnancy, the stomach acids leak easily into esophagus as hormones relax the muscles in your digestive tract, including the valve in the esophagus. During the second and third trimester, heartburn can be worse as the growing uterus presses the stomach.

Pregnancy hormones also slower:
– The muscles that propel food from the esophagus to the stomach
– The muscles contract to digest food in the stomach, which slows digestion
– These changes can lead to indigestion, which can make you feel very full, bloated or gassy.

Several things can also cause heartburn and indigestion, like:
– Oily or greasy foods
– The chocolate drinks, coffee and other caffeine-containing
– Onion, garlic or spicy foods
– Certain medications
– Eating a big meal
– Eating too fast
– Lying down after eating

Treatment:
– Eat smaller portions.
* Eat five or six small meals a day instead of eating three large meals.
* This can help the body digest food better.

– Drink less while eating.
* Avoid drinking large amounts of fluids with meals.
* Drink liquids between meals.

– Avoid foods that trigger heartburn.
* Avoid spicy, fatty or oily, chocolate and caffeine.
* These foods may cause heartburn.

– Avoid bending over or lying down right after eating.
* Sit down, do chores, or take a walk until the body has had a chance to digest.
* Make sure you eat the last meal of the day several hours before bedtime.
* If you need to lie down, prop the upper body with some pillows.

– Do not gain too much weight.
* Increase a reasonable amount of weight.
* Stay within the guidelines of the health care health sets.
* Excess pounds put extra pressure on the abdomen, which increases the chances of getting heartburn.

– Wear comfortable clothes.
* Tight clothing can increase the pressure on the stomach and abdomen.
* Wear loose clothing to feel more comfortable.

– Raise the head when you lie down.
* Proposal of the head to a few inches with pillows.
* If possible, keep the foot of the bed below the head of the bed.
* If you need an antacid to relieve symptoms, talk to the doctor to choose the right one for you.

If the symptoms continue to persist then take the help of doctor immediately.

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