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Excessive urination during Pregnancy – Causes and Treatment

During pregnancy, you may feel the need to urinate frequently, sometimes even when the bladder is nearly empty. During later pregnancy, many women find the need to urinate more frequently. Many pregnant women leak some urine when coughing, laughing, sneezing or exercising. During pregnancy it is normal to have to go to the bathroom often.
Frequent urination is one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy that women experience. In fact, some women experience frequent urination and not even know they are pregnant yet. There are a couple of reasons for frequent urination during pregnancy.
Urinating often occurs during early pregnancy as soon as 6-7 weeks due to increased blood flow during pregnancy. Excess blood leads to extra fluid being processed through the kidneys to the bladder.

Causes:
The need to go to the bathroom will change throughout the stages of pregnancy. Sometimes you may feel the need to urinate more frequently. Other times, you feel like you’re back to normal.

– In the first weeks of pregnancy, your body produces a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), which can make you urinate more frequently.
– Your body contains more fluid during pregnancy.
– Your kidneys work harder throughout pregnancy to remove waste products from your body.
– As the uterus grows and rises higher during the second trimester, some women find that they have to urinate as often as before.
– Towards the end of pregnancy, the baby moves down to prepare for childbirth. This increases the pressure on the bladder, causing more frequent urination.
– The added pressure may wake you up several times at night to urinate.
– You can also force some urine to leak out, particularly if the muscles around the urethra are not very strong.

For the first days after birth, you may urinate more often as your body gets rid of excess fluid from the pregnancy. But after a few days, your need to urinate should return to what it was before pregnancy.

Treatment:
Here are some tips for dealing with frequent urination or loss during pregnancy:

Avoid drinks with caffeine.
– Caffeine can make you urinate more frequently.
– Avoid drinks like coffee, tea, colas and other caffeinated beverages that lead to the problem.

Do the Kegel exercises.
– These simple exercises can help stop urine leakage by strengthening the muscles that keep the urethra (the tube through which urine leaves the body) closed. They can even help prepare these muscles for labor and delivery.
– Do these exercises by squeezing the muscles you use to stop urine flow and hold for 10 seconds.
– Do this 10-20 times in a row at least three times a day.

Avoid drinking fluids before bedtime.
– Cut down on night visits to the bathroom, fluid intake should be earlier in the day.
– Reduce the amount you drink in the early evening and night.
– However, be sure to drink adequate amounts of water and juice during the day to ensure that there are robbing your body of vital fluids.

Completely empty the bladder.
– To help prevent leaks, make sure your bladder does not overfill.
– Try not to “hold it” when you feel the need to urinate. This may mean more trips to the bathroom.
– When you urinate, try to lean forward a bit in order to completely empty the bladder. Always empty your bladder before exercising.

Use a sanitary pad or panty shield.
– A pad or panty shield can take unexpected leakage caused by coughing or sneezing.

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