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Start early to prevent prostate cancer… causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention

A prostate is a walnut sized gland which is found in men only. It surrounds the tube which carries urine from the bladder to the penis. It is located in lower abdomen. It is a very common type of malignancy that is found in men.

The symptoms of prostate cancer are:
– difficulty in starting to urinate.
– frequent urination especially at night.
– pain while urinating.
– blood in urine.
– hip lower back pain.
– pain with ejaculation.
– pain in lower part of pelvis.
– weight loss.
– loss of appetite.

The cause of prostate cancer is not exactly known but there are some factors that increase the likelihood of developing prostate cancer. These factors include:
– A family history of prostate cancer in father or brother are at higher risk.
– Risk increases if several relatives are affected especially when they are young at time of diagnosis.
– High fat diet adds the risk of developing prostate cancer.
– A diet with high lycopenes and curcumin reduces the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Diagnosis of prostate cancer involves following steps:
– Physical examination reveals an in-duration of nodule of the prostate.
– PSA blood test detects prostate cancer of low volume and is a step in initial diagnosis of prostate cancer.
– True cut prostate biopsy after positive PSA test confirms prostate cancer.

Treating early stages of prostate cancer involves watchful waiting. To treat prostate cancer, options available are:
– Surgery
– Radiation therapy
– Drug therapy
They can cause some side effects like impotence and incontinence but they tend to disappear after the treatment.

To prevent prostate cancer:
– Undergo examination and PSA test every 1-2 years interval.
– Limit animal fat consumption.
– Increase dietary consumption of lycopenes and curcumin rich food.

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