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What is Psoriasis ? What are its causes and symptoms and what triggers it?

Psoriasis is a skin disease or infection. It is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. It causes redness of skin and irritation. It is not contagious. Psoriasis produces red, dry plaques of thickened skin. Generally, a person is not aware that he or she is suffering from psoriasis.

Things that trigger psoriasis are:
– One thing that triggers psoriasis in someone who has an inherited tendency.
– Second, any kind of physical or chemical trauma.
– Hormonal changes.
– Psychological causes.
– Any kind of emotional stress.

Symptoms of psoriasis are:
– Red scaly patches.
– These patches persist and join up.
– Skin gets thicker.
– Scale builds up.
– No pain but some kind of irritation.
– No bleeding until and unless you scratch.
– Pitting of nails.
– Nail separation from the finger.
– Any part of the body especially knees, legs, scalp, elbows and genital can get affected.

Types of Psoriasis
– Plaque psoriasis are patches of erupted skin and a rare.
– Pustular psoriasis is a rare and a more serious form. In this, the skin erupts in pus-filled spots. They are non infectious. It is due to an inflammatory response in the skin.

There is a possibility that psoriasis can develop into arthritis. Psoriasis arthritis is an inflammatory disease that causes pain, stiffness and swelling in and around joints. Psoriasis arthritis can cause irreversible joint damage or disabling if left untreated.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is not curable currently. Although psoriasis is not contagious but it can pass on to your children as it can be a genetic disease. Dermatologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis, and rheumatologists specialize in the treatment of joint disorders and psoriasis arthritis.

– Mild psoriasis can be treated by creams, lotions, sprays.
– Moderate or severe psoriasis require ultra-violet light treatments or systemic (total body treatments such as pills or injections) medications.
– No specific treatment for psoriasis arthritis still but some treatments like warm water soaks, exercise programs, drugs to relieve pain help people to stay healthy.

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