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What are the side effects of smoking? Difference between active and passive smoking?

Smoking is injurious to health. There is hardly a part of the body that is not affected by smoking.
Immediate side effects of smoking a cigarette includes:
– raised blood pressure
– decreased blood flow.
– nausea and dizziness.
– Hyper-acidity
– Loss of appetite
– Chronic cough
– Breath shortness
– Yellowish teeth and fingers

The withdrawal symptoms include:
– lack of concentration
– coughs
– headaches
– strong cravings
– changes in sleep patterns

How smoking affects different parts of the body?
– If we start from the top, risk of developing mouth cancer is increased. Tobacco can cause mouth ulcers, bad breath and tooth decay. Headaches
also caused by smoking.
– Chemicals like hydrogen cyanide and others damage the bronchi causing inflammation which results in cough. In lungs, the mucous secretion is affected causing chronic cough.
– Nicotine present in tobacco affects the heart as it raises the blood pressure and carbon monoxide leads to the development of cholesterol deposits on artery walls.
– Smoke tars can cause esophagus and throat cancer. The stomach acid increases which leads to ulcers and heartburn.
– Carcinogens in tobacco case damage to genes that control the cell growth.
– The chemicals present in smoking affects the immune system of the body and makes it weak.
– Smokers have low level of anti-oxidants in blood as compared to non smokers.
– Heart diseases and heart attack are very common among smokers as compared to non-smokers.
– During pregnancy, the risk of premature baby, low birth weight, spontaneous abortion are observed.
– Tobacco is responsible for cancer of lungs, mouth, pharynx, larynx, stomach, urinary bladder, gall Bladder, penis.
– Tobacco consumption reduces estrogen levels in women.
– Vitamin D metabolism decreases resulting in slow absorption of calcium in the body. Deficient calcium absorption can lead to osteoporosis or thinning of the bones.
– Antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E and carotenoids help the body fight off diseases ranging from cancer to heart disease, and help stave off the degenerative effects of aging.

In active smoking, the person is lighting up the cigarette actively and smoking it.
Passive smoking is also called involuntary or second hand smoking as it involves people in your surrounding to inhale certain toxic gases which in turn could harm more than active smoking. In this type of smoking, people are forced to smoke.

The health risks that a passive smoker may occur are considerably less than those of an active smoker, secondhand smoke still contains many of the chemicals and carcinogenic compounds that are also breathed in by the active smoker.

Indoor air pollution is ranked as one of the top five major environmental health risks that affect us today.

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