Categories

A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

What is Cirrhosis and what are causes of Cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis is a chronic (ongoing, long-term) disease of the liver. It means damage to the normal liver tissue.
– This tissue is the reason that keeps this important organ from working as it should.
– The liver gradually loses its ability to carry out its normal functions.
– This is called liver failure, which is also referred to as end-stage liver disease.
– The liver is the largest organ in the body and one of the most essential.

Causes of Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis can be caused by a number of conditions and sometimes there is no cause found too. This includes:
– Long-standing inflammation
– Poisons
– Infections
– Heart disease
– Chronic alcoholism
– Chronic hepatitis

Chronic Alcoholism
– Alcohol can poison all living cells.
– This causes liver cells to become inflamed and die.
– The death of liver cells leads your body to form scar tissue around veins of your liver.
– Healing liver cells form nodules, which also press on the liver veins.
– This scarring process occurs in 10-20 percent of alcoholics
– The most common form of cirrhosis in the United States.
– The severity of the process depends on how much you drink.
– How long you have been abusing alcohol.
– The amount of alcohol needed to injure the liver varies widely from individual to individual.
– Some families are more susceptible to cirrhosis than others.

Hepatitis
– Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver from any cause.
– It usually refers to a viral infection of the liver.
– Over many years the inflammation damages liver cells and leads to scarring.
– Hepatitis B , hepatitis C, and hepatitis D all can cause cirrhosis.
– Hepatitis B is the most common cause of cirrhosis.

Biliary Cirrhosis:
– Bile is a substance produced by the liver to help the body digest fats.
– Bile is carried from the liver to the gallbladder
– It is eventually into the intestines by small tubes called bile ducts.
– If these ducts become blocked, the bile backs up and can damage the liver.
– The liver becomes inflamed, starting the long process of cell damage that leads to cirrhosis.
– In adults, gallstones are a common cause of bile duct blockage.
– Surgery to remove the gallbladder also blocks the bile ducts.
– Children may be born with a condition that blocks the bile ducts called biliary atresia.
– This disease usually affects women aged 35-60 years.

Autoimmune Cirrhosis
– The body’s immune system defends against “invaders” such as bacteria, viruses, or allergens.
– Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system begins to fight healthy body tissues and organs instead of the disease.
– In autoimmune hepatitis, the body’s immune system attacks the liver.
– This causes cell damage that leads to cirrhosis.

Non alcoholic fatty liver
This is a condition in which fat builds up in the liver that eventually causes scar tissue to form. This kind of cirrhosis is linked to:
– Diabetes
– Obesity
– Coronary artery disease
– Protein malnutrition
– Treatment with corticosteroids such as prednisone.
– It is sometimes called “steatohepatitis.”

Inherited Diseases
– A variety of genetic diseases can damage the liver.
– These are diseases that interfere with the metabolism of different substances by the liver.
They include:
– Wilson’s disease
– Cystic fibrosis
– Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
– Hemochromatosis
– Galactosemia
– Glycogen storage disease

Drugs, Toxins and Infections
– Various substances and germs can cause damage to the liver.
– Certain medications (for example, acetaminophen [Tylenol]), poisons, and environmental toxins can lead to cirrhosis.
– Reactions to certain drugs can damage the liver. This is rare.
– Long-term infections with various bacteria or parasites can damage the liver and cause cirrhosis.

Cardiac Cirrhosis
– When your heart doesn’t pump well, blood “backs up” into the liver.
– This congestion causes damage to your liver.
– It may become swollen and painful.
– Later it becomes hard and less painful.

The cause of the heart failure may be:
– A heart valve problem
– Smoking
– Infection of the heart muscle
– Infection of the sac around the heart

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>