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What are the signs and symptoms of Cirrhosis?

Cirrhosis is a chronic (ongoing, long-term) disease of the liver. It means damage to the normal liver tissue.
– This tissue is the reason that keeps this important organ from working as it should.
– The liver gradually loses its ability to carry out its normal functions.
– This is called liver failure, which is also referred to as end-stage liver disease.
– The liver is the largest organ in the body and one of the most essential.

What are the symptoms and signs of cirrhosis?
– Yellowing of the skin (jaundice) due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood.
– Itching
– Easy bruising from decreased production of blood clotting factors by the diseased liver.
– Gradual failure of the liver to carry out its natural functions.
– Distortion of the liver’s usual shape and size because of scarring.
– Tiredness (fatigue) or even exhaustion.
– Weakness
– Nausea
– Loss of appetite leading to weight loss.
– Loss of sex drive.
– Fever
– Vomiting
– Diarrhea
– Itching: From deposition in the skin of products of the breakdown of bile.
– Abdominal pain: From enlargement of the liver or formation of gallstones.
– Abdominal swelling or bloating: From fluid retention.
– Weight gain: From fluid retention.
– Swelling in ankles and legs (edema): From fluid retention.
– Difficulty breathing: From fluid retention.
– Sensitivity to medications: Due to impairment of the liver’s ability to filter medications from blood.
– Confusion, delirium, personality changes, or hallucinations (encephalopathy): From buildup of drugs or toxins in the blood, which then affect the brain.
– Extreme sleepiness, difficulty awakening, or coma – Other symptoms of encephalopathy.
– Bleeding from gums or nose: Due to impaired production of clotting factors.
– Blood in vomit or feces: Due to bleeding of varicose veins caused by liver congestion.
– Hemorrhoids: Varicose veins in rectum due to liver congestion.
– Loss of muscle mass (wasting).
– In women, abnormal menstrual periods.
– Due to impairment in hormone production and metabolism.
– In men, enlargement of the breasts (gynecomastia), scrotal swelling, or small testes.
– Due to impairment in hormone production and metabolism.

Cirrhosis can be caused by a number of conditions and sometimes there is no cause found too. This includes:
– long-standing inflammation
– poisons
– infections
– heart disease
– chronic alcoholism
– chronic hepatitis

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