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How to reduce nasal congestion during common cold?

Nasal congestion is the blockage of the nasal passages. This congestion is usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels.

– Nasal congestion can range from a mild annoyance to a life-threatening condition.
– Nasal congestion in an infant can interfere with breastfeeding in the first few months of life.
– It can cause life-threatening respiratory distress.
– Nasal congestion in older children and adolescents can cause other difficulties.
– Nasal congestion can interfere with the ears, hearing, and speech development.
– Significant congestion may interfere with sleep and cause snoring.
– This can be associated with sleep apnea.
– In children, nasal congestion from enlarged adenoids.
– This can cause chronic sleep apnea with insufficient oxygen levels and hypoxia.
– This might as well cause right-sided heart failure.
– The problem usually resolves after surgery to remove the adenoids and tonsils.
– Nasal congestion can also cause mild facial and head pain

It is also known as:
– nasal blockage
– nasal obstruction
– blocked nose
– stuffy nose
– stuffed up nose

Causes of Nasal Congestion:
– Allergic reaction.
– Common cold or influenza.
– Deviated septum.
– Hay fever, allergic reaction to pollen or grass.
– Reaction to medication (e.g. Flomax).
– Rhinitis medicamentosa a condition of rebound nasal congestion due to extended use of topical decongestants (e.g.,oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, xylometazoline, and naphazoline nasal sprays).
– Sinusitis or sinus infection.
– If the body is in an upside down position, the blood vessels in the nasal passage may inflame.
– Many women suffer from nasal congestion during pregnancy which is due to the increased amount of blood flowing through the body.

Symptoms of Nasal Congestion:
– Difficulty breathing through your nose
– A runny nose
– Sneezing
– Trouble in sleeping
– Speaking
– Hearing
– Experience bothersome snoring

Treatment of Nasal congestion:
– Drugs such as acetaminophen (paracetamol).
– ibuprofen.
– Antihistamines.
– Decongestants.
– Topical decongestants.
– A nasal aspirator may be useful to remove the mucus.

Alternative medicine:
– The use of nasal irrigation may help reduce nasal congestion.
– It involves rinsing the nasal cavity with saline to clear out allergy-causing microscopic particles.

Home Remedies for Nasal Congestion
– Foods
Many spicy foods such as curries, Chinese soups, and Mexican dishes contain peppers and spices that can help relieve congestion.
– Vapor Rub
Vapor rub contains menthol, which helps to temporarily open the nasal passages.
– Hot Drinks
1.Drinking hot drinks such as green tea can help to reduce nasal congestion.
2.The steam from the drink opens up the nasal passages
3.Tea or chicken soup is old cure for colds.

– Elevate Your Head
Elevating your head with extra pillows at night can help the nose to drain better.

– Hot Compresses
Placing a hot, moist towel under your eyes encourages sinus drainage.

– Steam
The best relief is taking a hot shower.

– Tomato Tea
Tomato tea works to open the sinuses and give the body a much-needed boost of vitamin C to help improve the immune system.

– Oil of Oregano
Add 2 or 3 drops of oil of oregano to your favorite juice and drink it 3 or 4 times a day to treat nasal congestion.

– Nasal Sprays
Nasal sprays are a great way to relieve the pressure.

– Over-the-Counter Sprays
1. Nasal sprays such as Afrin offer decongestant properties and work to quickly relieve the nose of congestion.
2. Zicam and Vicks offer a more natural nasal spray.

– Prescription Sprays
Products such as Nasonex and Omnaris offer relief from allergies and allergy-caused nasal congestion.

Side effects of these medications include:
– Increased heart rate
– Dizziness
– Bitter taste
– Diarrhea
– Anxiety

Other remedies
– Saline
– Tea Tree Oil
– Apple Cider Vinegar
– Decongestant Pills

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