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Give a general overview of liver?

The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. It has a wide range of functions.
– The liver is necessary for survival.
– This organ plays a major role in metabolism.
– It lies below the diaphragm in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen.
– It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion.
– It does so via the emulsification of lipids.
– The liver’s highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions.
– The reactions include the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules that are necessary for normal vital functions.
– Medical terms related to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic.
– This comes from the Greek word for liver, hēpar.

Functions of Liver
More than 500 vital functions have been identified with the liver. The functions include:
– Detoxification.
– Protein synthesis.
– Production of biochemicals that are necessary for digestion.
– Glycogen storage.
– Decomposition of red blood cells.
– Plasma protein synthesis.
– Hormone production.
– Production of bile for digestion.
– Production of certain proteins for blood plasma.
– Production of cholesterol and special proteins that help to carry fats through the body.
– Conversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage.
– Regulation of blood levels of amino acids.
– These amino acids form the building blocks of proteins.
– Processing of hemoglobin – the liver stores iron.
– Conversion of poisonous ammonia to urea.
– Clearing the blood of drugs and other poisonous substances.
– Regulating blood clotting.
– Resisting infections by producing immune factors.
– Removing bacteria from the bloodstream.
– Liver breaks down harmful substances which are excreted into the bile or blood.
– Bile by-products enter the intestine and ultimately leave the body in the feces.

Liver Location
– The liver is located in the upper right-hand portion of abdominal cavity.
– This is beneath the diaphragm.
– And on top of her stomach, right kidney and intestines.
– Weight: The liver weighs about 2 pounds.

Regulation Process of the Liver
– The liver regulates most chemical levels in the blood.
– It excretes a product called bile.
– This helps to break down fats.
– It also prepares them for further digestion and absorption.

Lobes of the liver
– The liver consists of two main lobes.
– Both of these lobes are made up of thousands of lobules.
– These lobules are connected to small ducts.
– These connect with larger ducts to ultimately form the hepatic duct.

Blood flow and liver
– All of the blood leaving the stomach and intestines pass through the liver.
– The liver processes this blood.
– It breaks down the nutrients.
– The drugs present in the blood are broken into forms that are easier to use for the rest of the body.

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