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What are diseases that can affect liver?

Liver disease is also called hepatic disease. This is in terms of group of single number of diseases affecting the liver.

Diseases that affect Liver

Hepatitis:
– Inflammation of the liver.
– It is caused mainly by various viruses.
– It is also caused by some poisons (e.g. alcohol).
– Autoimmunity (autoimmune hepatitis).
– Hereditary conditions.
– Diagnosis is done by checking levels of Alanine transaminase.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
– A spectrum in disease.
– It is associated with obesity.
– It is characterized as an abundance of fat in the liver.
– This situation may lead to a hepatitis.
– This type of hepatitis is also known as steatohepatitis and/or cirrhosis.

Cirrhosis
– It is the formation of fibrous tissue in the liver from replacing dead liver cells.
– The death of the liver cells can be caused by viral hepatitis.
– This can be due to alcoholism or contact with other liver-toxic chemicals.
– Diagnosis is done by checking levels of Alanine transaminase and Asparatine transaminase (SGOT).

Haemochromatosis
– This is a hereditary disease.
– It causes the accumulation of iron in the body.
– It eventually leads to liver damage.

Cancer of the liver
– Liver cancer is also known as hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC.
– It is a cancer that originates in liver.
– Liver cancers are malignant tumors that grow on the surface or inside the liver.
– It is also known as primary liver cancer or hepatoma.
– The liver is made up of different cell types.
– They are cancer of, for example, bile ducts, blood vessels, and fat-storing cells.
– Liver cells (hepatocytes) make up 80% of the liver tissue.
– Liver cancer is often referred to cancer that has spread to the liver that has originated in other organs.
– This type of liver cancer is called metastatic liver disease (cancer) or secondary liver cancer.

Glycogen storage disease type II
– The build-up of glycogen causes progressive muscle weakness (myopathy) throughout the body
– It affects various body tissues, particularly in the heart, skeletal muscles, liver and nervous system.

Other diseases of Liver
– Wilson’s disease, a hereditary disease which causes the body to retain copper.
– Primary sclerosing cholangitis, an inflammatory disease of the bile duct, likely autoimmune in nature.
– Primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune disease of small bile ducts.
– Budd-Chiari syndrome, obstruction of the hepatic vein.
– Gilbert’s syndrome, a genetic disorder of bilirubin metabolism, found in about 5% of the population.

Pediatric liver diseases
– Biliary atresia
– Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
– Alagille syndrome
– Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis

Liver diseases are caused by viruses like hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cirrhosis, jaundice.

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