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What are different home remedies and treatments for sun burn?

Overview of Sunburn
– Sunburn is due to excessive exposure to the sun’s ultra-violet (UV) rays.
– The sun’s ultra-violet rays are responsible for sunburn.
– There are two types of ultra-violet rays, ultra-violet A (UVA) and ultra-violet B (UVB).
– UVB rays attack the skin’s outer layers.
– UVA are rays that attack the underlying layers.
– Sunburns, like any other burn, are classifies as first degree, second degree and third degree.

First degree Sunburn
– The symptoms of a first degree burn include pain, heat, redness and tender to the touch in the skin affected.
– These symptoms can appear from 1 to 24 hours after exposure to the sun.

Second degree Sunburn
– This includes extreme reddening, swelling, pain and even blisters can appear.
– The burn goes deeper into the skin’s layers damaging small blood vessels and elastic fibers in the skin.
– Later, there is wrinkling of the skin.
– The burn may be accompanied by chills, fever, nausea, and/or delirium.

Natural Home Treatment for Sunburn
Take measures to prevent yourself from getting sunburned:
– Avoid being outdoors between 10:00 am and 3:00 pm, when the UV rays are more intense.
– Wear a hat, sunglasses that protect your eyes from UV rays, and clothing made of light colored, light weight, tightly woven material.
– Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.
– Apply sunscreen to all exposed areas 30′ before going outside
– If you are swimming or perspiring, this is recommended.
– Make sure you buy a sunscreen that contains protection against both UVA and UVB rays.
– Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
– Eat lots of lean and high quality protein foods.
– Include raw fruits to supply the vitamins and minerals needed.
– Drink plenty of fluids to keep your body hydrated, and to replace the lost.
– To relief a sunburn pain apply over the affected area cool water compresses
– Fill a bathtub with cold water and dissolve one pound of baking soda or oatmeal in it.
– Soak in the bath for 30′ approximately, until relieved
– Wash the affected area with an antibacterial soap to prevent secondary infection.
– Do not burst any blister.
– They form a natural protection to help the skin sunburned to heal faster.
– Do not apply any creams, butter, petroleum jelly or any other greasy substance to sunburn.
– They only cause more damage by trapping the heat and can make a burn deeper.
– The sunburn will heal faster if left exposed to the air.

Immediate self-care is aimed at stopping the UV radiation.
– Get out of the sun
– Cover exposed skin
– Get out of the tanning bed
– Use SPF (sun protection factor) of 30 or higher and apply frequently when outdoors.
– For mild sunburn, cool compresses with equal parts of milk and water may suffice.
– Cold compresses with Burow’s solution may also be used, and can be bought at a drugstore. Dissolve 1 packet in 1 pint of water. Soak gauze or a soft clean cloth in it.
– Gently wring out the cloth and apply to the sunburned area for 15-20 minutes.
– Change or refresh the cloth and solution every 2-3 hours.
– Aloe Vera gel or aloe-based lotions may soothe irritated skin.
– Cool (not ice cold) baths may help.
– Avoid bath salts, oils, and perfumes because these may produce sensitivity reactions.
– Avoid scrubbing the skin or shaving the skin.
– Use soft towels to gently dry the body.
– Don’t rub.
– Use a light, fragrance-free skin moisturizer.
– Stay out of the sun while you are sunburned.
– Stay hydrated to avoid dehydration.

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