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What are different nail problems and home remedies for treating them? – Part 2

Nails are made of keratin, the same type of protein in your hair.
Each nail actually consists of several parts, all of which play an important role in its health and growth:

Nail plate
This is what you see as the fingernail.
Nail bed
This lies below the nail plate; the two are attached. The capillaries in the nail bed nourish the nail and give it its pinkish color.
Nail matrix
It’s below the cuticle at the base of the nail. Cells in the matrix produce the fingernail. If the matrix gets damaged, your nail will be not in shape or may even stop growing completely.
Lunula
This is the part of the matrix that you can see. It’s the half-moon-shaped portion at the bottom of your nail.
Cuticle
This fold of skin, made of dead cells, keeps foreign substances, such as infection-causing bacteria, out.
Nail fold
This is the ridge of skin around the nail.

Facts about Nails:
– Nails can become brittle during the summer months in the sun and swimming.
– Sun and chlorine can make your nails brittle.
– To protect your fingernails while washing dishes, gardening, or cleaning with any type of harsh chemicals, wear gloves.
– If your nails are brittle, do not use perfumed lotions that have alcohol.
– This will cause the nails to become brittle.
– Do not bite your nails.
– Quit using your nails to scrape stuff off the counter top, or off of the dishes.
– Do not use them to open letters.
– Soaps and cleaners will dry out your hands and nails.
– Always use a hand lotion or cream after washing your hands.

Some of the causes of nail problem are:
– Iron deficiency will cause your nails to become spoon shaped.
– Your nails may become clubbed.
– Swelling around the ends of your fingers.
– Sometimes your toes are swollen.
– It might be if you have a respiratory or heart problem.
– If you have psoriasis your nails may become pitted.
– The biggest nail problem seen in toe nails is ingrown.
– Another nail problem is discoloration.
– As you get older your nails develop vertical ridges.

Main Home Remedies
– Avoid the culprits like the detergents and cleansers.
– Keep your nails short.
– Be careful of nail bangers in place of a screwdriver, a scraper, or other tool.
– Moisturize your nails. Your nails contain no fat, so they can’t naturally hold in moisture.
– Complex 15, Aquaderm, and Moisturel are some of the phosphates which can be tried.
– Avoid moisture when your nail becomes infected, particularly with a yeast organism.
– Care for your cuticles and don’t cut them with a mechanical instrument, which breaks down the cuticle’s natural protection from bacteria and moisture.
– Don’t pick or tear at hangnails by making a break in the skin where bacteria can enter and can cause infection.
– Realize the risk with nail cosmetics.
– Forget formaldehyde.
– Cut down on polish remover. Nail polish remover contains acetone, which dries nails.
– Don’t eat gelatin in a hope to build strong nails.
– Use of calcium. It helps build bones but has little or nothing to do with the hardness of your nails.

Home Remedies from the Cupboard
– Baking soda. Clean your nails and soften cuticles by scrubbing them with a nailbrush dipped in baking soda.
– Use Vinyl gloves, Cotton gloves
– Use Biotin
– Soaking painful ingrown nails in a warm saltwater solution will help ease the pain and relieve swelling.
– Add 1 tablespoon salt per quart of water and soak for 30 minutes.
– A saltwater soak can also make tough nails easier to trim.
– Try soaking nails in the same solution for five to ten minutes before trimming.

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