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What are different initial home treatment available for insect bites – a summer problem? Part 1

Common bites and stings
– Most bites and stings will heal on their own without a visit to a doctor.
– The insect bites range from a normal mosquito to spider or a bee sting.
– The severity depends on the insect.
– Some insect bites might not be dangerous and mild.
– Some can lead to severe swelling and may need doctor’s help upon the prolonged swelling of the bite.
– Depending on which part the insect has bitten, the precautions can be taken.
– For example, if it eyes or inside the nose or ear, doctor’s help is required at the earliest.
– Redness, Itching, Irritation, Inflammation etc., are some symptoms of the bite.
– There are several things you can do to relieve pain and itching and prevent infection from a bite or sting.

Insect or spider bites or stings or contact with caterpillars
– Move away from the stinging or biting insect. Bees will alert other bees, making them more likely to sting.
– Remain as calm and quiet as possible. Movement increases the spread of venom in the bloodstream.
– If you have been stung by a bee and the stinger is still in the skin, remove the stinger as quickly as possible.

If you have been stung on the arm or leg, do the following:
– Lower the limb at the time of the sting to slow the spread of venom.
– You can elevate the limb to help reduce swelling.
– Remove broken-off spines by placing cellophane tape or commercial facial peel over the area of the contact.
– Then pull it off.

Relieve pain, itching, and swelling
– Apply an ice pack to a bite or sting for 15 to 20 minutes once an hour for the first 6 hours.
– When not using ice, keep a cool, wet cloth on the bite or sting for up to 6 hours.
– Always keep a cloth between your skin and the ice pack.
– Do not apply ice for longer than 15 to 20 minutes at a time.
– Do not fall asleep with the ice on your skin.
– Elevate the area of the bite or sting to decrease swelling.
– Try a nonprescription medicine for the relief of itching, redness, and swelling.

Be sure to follow the nonprescription medicine precautions like:
– An antihistamine taken by mouth, such as Benadryl or Chlor-Trimeton, may help relieve itching, redness, and swelling.
– Don’t give antihistamines to your child.
– A spray of local anesthetic containing benzocaine, such as Solarcaine, may help relieve pain.
– If your skin reacts to the spray, stop using it.
– Hydrocortisone 1% cream or calamine lotion applied to the skin may help relieve itching and redness.

Other precautions :
– Remove the stinger with tweezers.
– Scrape out the stinger, moving parallel to the skin surface.
– This will help to reduce the chance of pumping more venom.
– Bathe the stung area with a solution of baking soda and water.
– Immediately apply ice packs to reduce swelling (lining the pack with cloth or a thin towel).
– Do this frequently for 5 minutes at a time.
– A swollen muzzle often indicates a bee sting.
– Stings and bites can cause severe reactions.

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