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What are different gall bladder disorders?

Introduction
– The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver.
– It stores and concentrates bile produced in the liver.
– Bile aids in the digestion of fats.
– Then it is released from the gallbladder into the upper small intestine (duodenum) in response to food, especially fats.

Specific Gallbladder Diseases
– Gall stones are also known as Cholecystitis
– Choledocholithiasis;
– Bile duct stones.

1. Biliary Pain or Colic
– The mildest intermittent pain is called biliary colic.
– This occurs either in the mid- or the right portion of the upper abdomen.

2. Cholelithiasis – Gallstones
– These are the solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT.
– They are usually formed in the GALLBLADDER.
– Gallstones are derived from the BILE that consists mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.

3. Choledocholithias – Gallstones in the Bile Ducts
– This can be very painful.
– The symptoms may differ depending upon where the stone is and if it is blocking bile flow.
– It can block the neck of the gallbladder.
– This causes distention and inflammation (cholecystitis).
– In the common bile duct it can cause a backing up of bile into the liver.
– This results in obstructive jaundice or into the pancreas causing acute pancreatitis.

4. Biliary Dyskinesia
– Acalculous cholecystopathy means disease or condition of the gallbladder without the presence of gallstones.
– It is a functional gallbladder disorder or impaired gallbladder emptying.
Some causes may be:
• chronic inflammation,
• stress,
• a problem with the smooth muscles of the gallbladder,
• the muscle of the Sphincter of Oddi being too tight,
• hypothyroidism contributes to biliary dyskinesia.

5. Cholecystitis
– Inflammation of the gallbladder is known as Cholecystitis.
– Acute cholecystitis is nearly always due to gallstones.
– It may be due to infection (bacterial) too.
– It can also be due to chemical irritation.
– Chronic cholecystitis occurs with or without stones.
– Acalculous cholecystitis is without the stones.
– If there are no stones present the medical treatment used is often antispasmodics and/or laxatives.

6. Cholangitis
– Inflammation of the bile duct itself is known as Cholangitis.
– The words Chole = bile and angi = duct.
– Acute cholangitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection resulting from stagnation of the bile in the duct.
– Choledocholithiasis, a gallstone that gets stuck or lodged in the bile duct creates an obstruction that results in an infection.
– Infections can evolve due to a stricture or narrowing of the duct itself such as in Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis.
– This may accompany a cancer.
– Something blocks the free flow of the bile causing a stagnant condition which allows the bacteria to accumulate.

7. Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
– PSC is a disease where the bile ducts of the liver harden.
– This leads to obstruction of the flow of bile.
– It is most likely an autoimmune liver disease.
– This is a very serious disease.

It is characterized by:
• inflammation,
• breaking down of and eventual hardening,
• fibrosis of the bile ducts within the liver and outside the liver.

8. Cholestasis
– Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS)is Cholestatis.

9. Gallbladder Cancer
– This disease is often only discovered when the gallbladder is removed.
– Usually the removal that is for other causes such as gallstones.
– Gallbladder cancer is often quite advanced by the time it is diagnosed.
– Removing the gallbladder and affected tissues in bile ducts is the standard treatment.

10. Gallbladder Polyps
– Gallbladder polyps are growths that protrude from the lining of the gallbladder.
– They’re usually innocuous
– They are rarely cancerous (malignant)
– 95% are non-cancerous
– 10% are the result of inflammation
– Most polyps are the result of cholesterol deposits.
– Gallbladder polyps are usually asymptomatic and need no treatment.
– They may be found incidentally on an ultrasound of the gallbladder done.
– There is rarely pain involved.
– Any pain that is there is most likely due to something else such as gallstones.
– Occasionally, they may grow large enough to require surgical removal.

The Liver and Gallbladder Miracle Cleanse Healthy Digestion the Natural Way 3B Scientific VE315 Liver with Gall Bladder, Pancreas and Duodenum Model

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