Categories

A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

How to diagnose glandular fever and how to prevent and treat it?

• Glandular fever is a type of viral infection.
• It is also known as infectious mononucleosis.
• It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
• It is one of the most common viruses that can affect humans.
• Most EBV infections occur during early childhood.
• They usually produce few or no symptoms.
• The virus remains in the body for life, lying dormant in a number of throat and blood cells.
• During the infection, the immune system fabricates antibodies to fight the virus.
• This provides lifelong immunity.
• Therefore, it is rare to have more than one bout of glandular fever.
• The virus is contagious.
• It can be passed on by coming into contact with the saliva of someone who is currently infected.

Diagnosis of Glandular Fever

1. Physical examination
• Medical evaluation will include a description of the symptoms.
• A physical examination in order to detect swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver and spleen.

2. Blood tests
• Blood tests may be recommended in order to confirm the diagnosis.
There are two blood tests that can usually help to diagnose glandular fever:
Antibody test
• This is done to detect specific antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
White blood cell test
• If white blood cell numbers are higher than normal, it usually means the patient has an infection.
• Pregnancy – tests to determine whether there is rubella or toxoplasmosis (EBV does not harm the unborn baby).

What are the treatment options for glandular fever?

1. Plenty of rest
• Patients recover much faster if they are able to get complete rest during the initial month after symptoms arise.
• In fact, rest is sometimes the only option.
• This is as the patient is too tired and feels too sick to go about his/her daily routine.
• The National Health Service (NHS), UK, advises patients to do some light exercises after symptoms have gone.
• This is done in order to regain muscle strength.

2. Drink
• Drinking plenty of fluids helps prevent dehydration.
• This is especially true if there is fever.
• If sore throat symptoms are severe, the infected person may not want to drink.
• The patient should be monitored carefully to make sure fluid intake is adequate.

3. Painkillers
• Painkillers, such as ibuprofen or Tylenol (paracetamol) which can be bought over-the-counter (OTC) may help bring down a fever and reduce pain.
• Patients under 16 years of age must not be given aspirin.

4. Gargling
• Pharmacists may be able to help choose a suitable gargling solution.
• Some patients find that gargling with salt water helps sore throat symptoms.

5. Antibiotics
• Glandular fever is caused by a virus, not a bacterium.
• Antibiotics are used for killing bacteria.
• However, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent secondary infections.

6. Steroids
If the tonsils are very inflamed, a short course of steroids may be prescribed.

What are the complications of glandular fever?

• Ruptured spleen
• Secondary infections, such as
– Pneumonia
– Meningitis
– Heart inflammation
• Secondary infections are rare.
• A risk for patients with weakened immune systems.
• Prolonged fatigue

How to prevent glandular fever?

• Avoid drinking from another person’s cup.
• This is a common way for the Epstein-Barr virus to get passed.
• Also avoid touching any part of drinking fountains with your mouth.
• Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, if you are infected.
• Do not cough or sneeze into your hands.
• Wash your hands frequently.
• Keep a distance from individuals with glandular fever when eating.
• Do not share food with them.
• Even if you plan to use a different utensil, do not share. Also, do not let utensils touch.

Heal Your Body A-Z Glandular Fever Glandular Fever – A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>