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What are the most popular types of contraception? How effective are the various methods? – Part 2

There are so many different types of contraception available. One should be able to find the right method. There are about 14 reliable ones and they are:
• The Pill, including the mini-Pill – 25 per cent
• The male condom – 25 per cent
• Vasectomy – 11 per cent
• Female sterilization – nine per cent
• The coil (intra-uterine device or IUD) – four per cent
• Withdrawal method – four per cent
• Variations of the rhythm method – three per cent
• The contraceptive injection (‘the Jab’) – two per cent
• Mirena (intra-uterine system or IUS) – two per cent
• The skin patch (Evra) – one per cent
• The cap or diaphragm – one per cent
• The female condom – less than one per cent
• The vaginal ring – less than one per cent

What about new methods of contraception?

4. Progestin-only pill
• It’s called: Micronor, Nora-BE, Nor-QD, Ovrette.
• Known as the mini pill, progestin-only meds don’t contain estrogen.
• They’re safer for smokers, diabetics, and heart disease patients.
• This is also safe for those at risk for blood clots.
• They also won’t reduce the milk supply for women who are breast-feeding.
• If you have trouble remembering to take your pill at the same time every day, progestin-only pills might not be best idea.
• They need to be taken at exactly the same time every day.
• If more than three hours late, plan on using a backup method.

5. Extended-cycle pill
• It’s called: Lybrel, Seasonale, Seasonique.
• These pills prevent pregnancy and allow you to have a period only every three months.

6. Diaphragm
• It’s called: Milex Wide Seal, Ortho All-Flex, Semina, SILCS.
• It is made of rubber and shaped like a dome.
• A diaphragm prevents sperm from fertilizing an egg.
• It covers the cervix and must always be used with a spermicide.
• Women must be fitted for a diaphragm in their doctor’s office.
• If your weight tends to fluctuate by more than 10 pounds at a time, the diaphragm may not work.
• If you gain or lose weight, you’ll need to be refitted.
• This method is prone to bladder infections.
• If you’ve had toxic shock syndrome, you shouldn’t use a diaphragm.

7. IUD
• It’s called: Mirena, ParaGard.
• ParaGard is a surgically implanted copper device that prevents sperm from reaching the egg.
• Mirena, also surgically implanted, works by releasing hormones.
• Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are more than 99% effective and good for 10 years.
• Some doctors recommend the device only for women who have given birth.
• When the device is implanted, your uterus is expanded.
• This might cause pain in women who have not had children.
• The IUD can be removed.

8. Female condom
• It’s called: Femy, Protectiv, Reality.
• The female condom is made of polyurethane, or soft plastic, and protects against STDs.
• It is inserted deep into the vagina, over the cervix, much like a diaphragm.
• Unlike the male condom, the female condom can be put into place up to eight hours before sex.

Male condoms offer more protection—both against STDs and pregnancy

9. Male condom
• It’s called: Durex, LifeStyles, Trojan.
• Male condoms protect against pregnancy and STDs, including HIV.
• If worn properly, condoms prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
• Latex or polyurethane condoms; lambskins do not shield you against all STDs.
• If your mate is allergic to latex or polyurethane, its best to find another option.
• And if you tend to use a lubricant that contains oil, such as hand lotion or baby oil, you’ll need to switch to an oil-free option like K-Y Jelly, which, unlike oil-based lubricants, doesn’t degrade latex.

10. Patch
• It’s called: Ortho Evra.
• You can place the hormone-releasing patch on your arm, buttock, or abdomen, and rest easy for one week.
• If you’re particularly at risk for blood clots, you might want to find a different method.
• The patch delivers 60% more estrogen than a low-dose pill, and hence one is at an increased risk for dangerous blood clots.

A Clinical Guide for Contraception In Our Control Plan B One Step Emergency Contraceptive

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