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Explain Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? – Part 2

• Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a problem with inattentiveness, over-activity, impulsivity, or a combination of all these.
• Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) must be out of the normal range for a child’s age and development.

Treatment for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

For therapy to succeed, it is important to:
• Set specific, appropriate target goals to guide therapy.
• Start medication and behavior therapy.
• Follow-up regularly with the doctor.
• This is to check on goals, results, and any side effects of medications.
• During these check-ups, information should be gathered from parents, teachers, and the child.

If treatment does not appear to work, the health care provider should:
• Make sure the child indeed has ADHD.
• Check for other, possible medical conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
• Make sure the treatment plan is being followed.

Medications used to treat ADHD

– Stimulants are the best-known treatments
• Some require several doses per day, each lasting about 4 hours; some last up to 12 hours.
• Possible side effects include decreased appetite, stomachache, irritability, and insomnia.
• There’s currently no evidence of long-term side effects.

Nonstimulants represent a good alternative to stimulants
• They are sometimes used along with a stimulant to treat ADHD.
• The first nonstimulant was approved for treating ADHD in 2003.
• They may have fewer side effects than stimulants and can last up to 24 hours.

Antidepressants are sometimes a treatment option
• If an antidepressant is recommended for your child, be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor.

Using medications
• A combination of medication and behavioral treatment works best.
• There are several different types of ADHD medications that may be used alone or in combination.
• Psychostimulants (also known as stimulants) are the most commonly used ADHD drugs.
These drugs include:
• Amphetamine-dextroamphetamine (Adderall)
• Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
• Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat)
• Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
• Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Daytrana)
– A nonstimulant drug called atomoxetine (Strattera) may work as well as stimulants.
– Some ADHD medicines have been linked to rare sudden death in children with heart problems.
– Talk to your doctor about which drug is best for your child.

Other tips to help your child with ADHD

• Communicate regularly with the child’s teacher.
• Keep a consistent daily schedule.
• Keep regular times for homework, meals, and outdoor activities.
• Make changes to the schedule in advance and not at the last moment.
• Limit distractions in the child’s environment.
• Make sure the child gets a healthy, varied diet, with plenty of fiber and basic nutrients.
• Make sure the child gets enough sleep.
• Praise and reward good behavior.
• Provide clear and consistent rules for the child.

Alternative treatments for ADHD have become popular and they include:
• Herbs
• Supplements
• Chiropractic treatments

ADHD is a long-term, chronic condition. If it is not treated appropriately, ADHD may lead to:
• Drug and alcohol abuse
• Failure in school
• Problems keeping a job
• Trouble with the law

Calling your health care provider

Call your doctor if you or your child’s school personnel suspect ADHD. You should also tell your doctor about any:
• Difficulties at home, school, and in relationships with peers
• Medication side effects
• Signs of depression

Prevention for ADHD

• There is no proven way to prevent ADHD.
• Early identification and treatment can prevent many of the problems associated with ADHD.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Driven to Distraction The Family ADHD Solution

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