Categories

A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

About Autism in children – Part 3

Autism problems happens when the brain develops differently and has trouble with an important job.
• Every day, our brains interpret (understand) the things we see, smell, hear, taste, touch, and experience.
• When the brain has trouble interpreting these things, it can make it hard to talk, listen, understand, play, and learn.
• A kid’s symptoms could be very mild, severe, or somewhere in the middle.

Autism Diagnosis

• There is no lab test or X-ray that can confirm the diagnosis of autism.
• The diagnosis of autism is based on clinical judgment regarding observations of behavior.
• Information from family members and other observers is of primary importance in making the diagnosis
• Pediatrician may order tests to rule out other conditions that might be confused with autism.
• They may be like mental retardation, metabolic or genetic diseases, or deafness.
• A single visit with the pediatrician is not enough to establish the diagnosis of autism.
• The pediatrician observes the child and may do a simple screening test.
• This is to see if a developmental problem may be present.
• Screening tests do not diagnose autism.
• These tests are done in the office.
• They are simple tests that indicate a problem may exist.
• They usually involve simply observing specific behaviors (for very young children) or how a child responds to simple commands or questions (for older children).
• Some widely used screening tests include the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) for children aged 18 months to 4 years of age and the Autism Screening Questionnaire for children aged 4 years and older.
• Other conditions must be ruled out.
• The diagnosis of autism must be established with certainty before treatment begins.
• If the pediatrician believes that further evaluation is necessary, he or she will refer the child to a professional.
• This is a professional who specializes in developmental disorders.

This specialist may be a:
• developmental pediatrician
• a child psychiatrist
• a pediatric neurologist
• a child psychologist
• speech and language pathologists
• audiologists (specialists in testing hearing)
• occupational therapists
• physical therapists
• social workers who may be involved in the evaluation process.

The comprehensive evaluation of a child with autism might include:
• obtaining complete medical and family history;
• physical exam;
• formal audiology evaluation;
• selected medical/lab tests on an individual basis;
• study of lead levels, genetic tests, metabolic tests, brain MRI, electroencephalogram [EEG];
• speech, language, and communication assessment;
• cognitive and behavioral assessments;
• focus on social skills and relationships, problem behaviors, motivation and reinforcement, sensory functioning, and self-regulation;
• academic assessment (educational functioning, learning style).

Autism Treatment

A pediatrician will refer the caregiver and the child to a specialist in developmental disorders for the assessment. Some people may want to have this specialist treat their child’s condition:
• There is no standard treatment for autism.
• Different professionals have different philosophies and practices in caring for their patients.
• You may want to talk to more than one specialist.
• This will help them to find the one with whom they feel most comfortable.
• Ask family members, friends, and the health care practitioner to obtain referrals.
• Call autism groups or check the Internet for referral services.
• Treatment strategies used in autism include behavioral, educational, biomedical, and complementary therapies.

Medical Treatment
• Many different biomedical treatments are used in autism.
• The most widely used are medications to treat seizures and behavioral and emotional problems associated with autism.

Getting Help for Autism
• The earlier a child starts getting help, the better.
• But figuring out if a kid has an autism spectrum disorder can be difficult at the beginning.
• Often, specialists work together as a team to figure out if there is a problem.
• In addition to the doctor, the team might include a psychologist, speech therapist, occupational therapist, and teacher.

Ten Things Every Child with Autism Wishes You Knew Autism By Hand 1001 Great Ideas for Teaching and Raising Children with Autism

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>